Presentacin tiempos verbales ingles

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1. REPBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA UNIVERSIDAD LATINOAMERICANA Y DEL CARIBE COORDINACIN GENERAL DE POSTGRADO MAESTRA EDUCACIN ESPECIAL INTEGRAL Tiempos verbales Verb Tenses Participante: Alvarez Agnely. Curso: Ingls. 2. A continuacin aprenderemos sobre los tiempos verbales en ingls. 3. El presente simple se construye: Sujeto + verbo en infinitivo, en tercera persona se le aade una S Example: I sing You sing He sings Negacin del presente simple: Sujeto + do (es) + not +verbo Example: I do not shing He does not sings Presente simple Para los verbos acabados en "-o","-sh", "-ch" , "-ss", "-x" , "-z", "-y" se aade "-es" en lugar de "-s para la 3 persona del singular". Example: He discusses 4. Las oraciones interrogativas se construyen: Do (es) + sujeto + verbo ? (para oraciones cerradas) Partcula interrogativa + do (es) + sujeto + verbo ? ( para oraciones abiertas). Example: Do you like sing? Where do you like to sing? Presente simple 5. Sujeto + am/are/is (verbo to be) + verbo con ing ( gerundio) Example: I am singing . You are singing. He is singing. Reglas: Se sustituye la terminacin ie por ying Die ----- Dying Se sustituye la e final por ing Use ----- using Smile------Smiling Presente continuo 6. Negacin del presente continuo: Sujeto + verbo to be+ not+ verbo en gerundio. Example: I am not singing He is not singing. Las oraciones interrogativas se construyen: Verbo to be + sujeto + verbo en gerundio. Example: Am I singing? Are you singing? Presente continuo 7. Sujeto + Has / Have + participio del verbo ( terminaciones ed) Example: I have danced She has danced. Para verbos terminados en e, se forma su participio agregando solo d. Example: excuse---- excused. Negacin del presente perfecto: Sujeto + Has / Have + not + participio del verbo. I have not danced. She has not danced. Presente perfecto 8. Las oraciones interrogativas se forman: Has / have + sujeto + verbo en participio. Have I danced? Has she danced? Usando partcula interrogativa: Partcula interrogativa + have/ has + sujeto + verbo en participio. When have I danced? Where has she danced? Presente perfecto 9. La estructura del presente perfecto continuo se construye: Sujeto + have / has been+ verbo en gerundio (ing). Example: I have been dancing She has been dancing. Negacin del presente perfecto continuo: Sujeto + have / has not been + verbo en gerundio ( ing). Example: I have not been dancing She has not been dancing Presente perfecto continuo 10. Para oraciones interrogativas se formula: Have / has + sujeto + been + verbo en gerundio. Example: Have i been dancing? Has she been dancing? Cuando la oracin tiene un pronombre o un adverbio interrogativo se usa: Partcula interrogativa + have / has been + sujeto + verbo en gerundio: Example: Where have been dancing? What has she been dancing lately? Presente perfecto continuo 11. La conjugacin del pasado simple es : Sujeto + verbo en pasado ( terminados en ed). Example: I cooked They cooked. Para verbos irregulares hay que memorizar su forma en pasado. En verbos terminados en e se sustituye por ed. I used La negacin del verbo: Sujeto + did + not + verbo en infinitivo Example: I did not cooked Pasado Simple 12. La interrogacin en el pasado simple: Partcula interrogativa + did + sujeto + verbo en infinitivo Example: What did she cooking? Where did they cooking? Pasado Simple 13. Su estructura se forma: Sujeto + was / were + verbo en gerundio. Example: I was cooking. They were cooking. La negacin del pasado continuo se construye: Sujeto + was / were + not + verbo en gerundio. Example: I was not cooking They were not cooking Pasado Continuo 14. La interrogacin se formula: Was / were + sujeto + verbo en gerundio Example: Was you cooking? Were they cooking? Cuando la oracin amerita partcula interrogativa : Partcula interrogativa + was / were + sujeto + verbo en gerundio. Example: Where was you cooking? Pasado Continuo 15. Su estructura se forma: Sujeto + had been +verbo en gerundio. Example: I had been cooking He had been cooking. La negacin se forma colocando Not entre had y been. Example: I had not been cooking. He had not been cooking. Pasado Perfecto Continuo 16. Para oraciones interrogativas sencillas se usa: Had + sujeto + been + verbo en gerundio. Example: Had I been cooking? Had he been cooking? Si contiene partculas interrogativas se formula: Partcula interrogativa + had + sujeto + been + verbo en gerundio. Example: What had you been cooking? Where had he been cooking? Pasado Perfecto Continuo 17. Se forma con la estructura: Sujeto + will + verbo. Example I will travel to China. She will travel to China. La negacin del futuro se forma: Example: I will not travel to China. She will not travel to China. Futuro Simple 18. La interrogacin se forma: Will + sujeto + verbo. Example: Will you travel to China? Will he travel to China? Futuro Simple 19. Se construye: Sujeto + will be + verbo en gerundio. Example: I will be resting. We will be resting. Oraciones negativas se forman: Sujeto + will not be + verbo en gerundio. Example: I will not be resting. We will not resting. Futuro Continuo 20. Las oraciones interrogativas se estructuran: Will + sujeto + be + verbo en gerundio Example: Will you be resting? Will they be resting? Futuro Continuo 21. La conjugacin se construye con la estructura: Sujeto + will have + participio del verbo. Example: I will have practiced We will have practiced. Si es oracin negativa: I will not have practiced. Si es interrogativa: Will you have practiced? Futuro Perfecto 22. Este tiempo se conjuga usando: Sujeto + will have been + verbo en gerundio. Example: I will have been practicing. They will have been practicing. Las oraciones negativas se forman: Sujeto + will not have been + verbo en gerundio. I will not have been practicing. They will not have been practicing. Futuro Perfecto Continuo 23. Las oraciones interrogativas: Will + sujeto + have been + verbo en gerundio. Example: Will you have been practicing? Will they have been practicing? Futuro Perfecto Continuo