Ingles Basico English Book

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Ingls Bsico 4 Ingls Bsico 5Unidad I Socializacin Objetivo Terminal Expresar en forma oral y escrita, saludos, presentaciones, despedidas, permisos, disculpas y agradecimientos en el idioma Ingls. Contenido Saludos Formales Informales Despedidas Presentaciones Presentarse Presentar a otros Expresiones Disculpas Permisos Agradecimientos Informacin de la unidad Las formas de relacionarse entre las personas son muy variadas. En Ingls se utilizan diversas expresiones que permiten el acercamiento o conocimiento entre las personas de manera formal e informal, desde el saludo hasta la manera de presentar a otras personas. En esta unidad el Ingls Bsico 6participante se relacionar con esas expresiones, permitiendo ponerlas en prctica entre sus compaeros. Grammar / Gramtica Formal Greetings / Saludos Formales In the Morning / En la Maana: Good Morning / Buenos Das In the Afternoon / En la Tarde: Good Afternoon / Buenas Tardes In the Evening / En la Noche: At Night / En la Noche Good Evening / Buenas Noches Informal Greetings / Saludos Informales Hi / Hello Hola How are you? Cmo ests t? / Cmo est Usted? How do you do? Cmo Est Usted? / Cmo le va a usted? How do you feel? Cmo se siente? Information Questions Preguntas Informativas Answers Respuestas How are you? Fine Im very well Im so so Pretty Good Thanks Thank you And you? Cmo ests t? Bien Estoy muy bien Estoy regular Muy bien Gracias Y usted? Y t? En el ingls no se establece diferencia entre el usted (you) y t (you) Ingls Bsico 7Farewell Expressions / Expresiones de Despedida Good Bye! Adios Bye! Adios See you Nos Vemos Tomorrow Hasta Maana See you Later Nos vemos ms Tarde Next Week Hasta la Prxima Semana Soon Hasta Pronto So long Hasta Luego Until Tomorrow Hasta Maana Examples / Ejemplos Informal Dialogue / Dialogo Informal A: Hello Aurilu Hola Aurilu B: Hi Iralis. How are you? Hola Iralis. Cmo ests? A: Im fine thanks, and you? Estoy bien gracias, y t? B: Pretty Good Muy bien A: See you later Nos vemos ms tarde B: See you! Nos vemos Formal Dialogue / Dialogo Formal A: Good Morning Mr. Rojas Buenos Das Sr. Rojas B: Good Morning Mrs. Smith Buenos Das Sra. Smith A: How do you do? Cmo estas? B: Im very well, thank you Estoy muy bien, gracias. Self Introduction / Presentacin de s mismo My name is Mi nombre es I am / Im Yo soy Ingls Bsico 8Example: My name is Aurilu Mi nombre es Aurilu I am / Im Alfred Yo soy Alfredo Whats your name? Cul es tu nombre? Introducing others / Presentando a otros Informal This is (Susan) Esta es (Susan) She is (Mirian) Ella es (Mirian) He is (Carlos) El es (Carlos) Nice to meet you Encantado (a) de conocerte Nice to meet you too Encantado (a) de conocerte tambin Example: A: Peter this is Marlene Pedro esta es Marlene B: Hi Marlene, Im Peter Hola Marlene, Soy Pedro C: Hi Peter, Nice to meet you Hola Pedro, Encantada de conocerte B: Nice to meet you too Encantado de conocerte tambin Formal Let me introduce you to Permitame presentarle a How do you do? Encantado de conocerle (How do you do?, en este caso es utilizado como una respuesta ms que como una pregunta y debe obtener una respuesta con la misma expresin) Glad to meet you Encantado de conocerle Its a pleasure to meet you Es un placer conocerte (le) Ingls Bsico 9Example: A: Good Morning Mr. Rojas Buenos Das Sr. Rojas B: Good Morning Mr. Perez, Buenos Das Sr. Prez Let me introduce you Miss Cabrera Permtame presentarle a la Srta. Cabrera C: How do you do? Encantada A: How do you do? Encantado Apologize Expressions / Expresiones de Disculpa Giving an Apologize / Dando una disculpa Excuse me Disclpame / Disclpeme Im sorry Lo Siento / Lo Lamento Pardon Me Perdname Forgive me Perdname I beg your Pardon Perdname Examples: Excuse me for coming late Disclpeme por llegar tarde Im sorry. Can you repeat? Lo siento, Puede repetir? Accepting apologies / Aceptando disculpas Dont worry No se preocupe Its all right Est bien Its OK Est bien No problem No hay problema Ingls Bsico 10 Example: A: Excuse me for coming late Disclpeme por llegar tarde B: Thats OK Est bien Expressions for asking permission / Expresiones para pedir permiso Excuse me Disculpe May I? Puedo yo? (Formal) Can I? Puedo yo? (Informal) Would you mind? Le importara? Example: Excuse me, May I come in? Disculpe, Puedo entrar? Excuse me, Can I go out? Disculpe, Puedo salir? Giving Permission / Concediendo Permiso Yes, you may S, tu puedes Yes, you can S, tu puedes Of course! Por Supuesto Sure Seguro Example: A: May I go out? Puedo salir? B: Yes, you may S, t puedes A: Thanks Gracias Ingls Bsico 11 Refusing Permission / Rechazando Permiso You may/can not No puedes Im sorry, you may not Lo siento, no puedes Of course not Por supuesto Example: A: May I use your pen? Puedo utilizar tu bolgrafo? B: Im sorry, you may not. Lo siento, no puedes Giving Thanks / Dar las gracias Thank you Gracias (Formal) Thanks Gracias (Informal) Thanks a lot Muchas Gracias Thank you very much Muchsimas gracias Accepting Thanks / Agradeciendo Youre welcome De nada Thats OK Est bien Thats all right Est bien Dont mention it No hay de que Forget it! Olvidalo Not at all! Por nada Ingls Bsico 12 Example: A: Can you lend me your pencil? Puedes prestarme tu lapiz? B: Sure Seguro A: Thank you very much Muchsimas gracias B: Youre welcome De nada Pronouns / Pronombres Personal Pronouns (Pronombres Personales) Possessives Adjectives (Adjetivos Posesivos) Singular I Yo My Mi, mis You T / Usted Your Su, sus He El His Su, sus She Ella Her Su, sus It Eso (a) / Esto (a) Its Su, sus Plural We Nosotros (as) Our Nuestro You Ustedes Your Su, sus They Elllos / Ellas Their Su, sus El Pronombre Personal IT es utilizado slo para animales o cosas en singular, y en plural se utiliza el pronombre personal They que es usado para personas, animales y cosas. Las formas posesivas utilizadas como adjetivos siempre preceden al nombre que modifican. Adems como todos los adjetivos en Ingls, tienen la misma forma en el singular y el plural. Ingls Bsico 13 Example: This is my apartment Este es mi apartamento Mary is in her house Mara est en su casa John is in his car Jos est en su carro Information Questions / Preguntas Informativas Information Questions Answers / Respuestas Whats (what is) Your His her Name? My His Her names (name is) Alice Juan Marlene Vocabulary / Vocabulario Circle Crculo Complete Completar Come Venir Come in Entrar Example Ejemplo Exercise Ejercicio Farewells Despedidas Go Ir Go out Salir Greetings Saludos Listen Escuchar Miss. Seorita Mrs. Seora Ingls Bsico 14 Mr. Seor Speak Hablar Point Sealar Read Leer Use Utilizar / Usar Verbs Verbos Write Escribir Cardinal Numbers from 0 to 10 / Nmeros cardinales de 0 a 10 0 Zero Cero 1 One Uno 2 Two Dos 3 Three Tres 4 Four Cuatro 5 Five Cinco 6 Six Seis 7 Seven Siete 8 Eight Ocho 9 Nine Nueve 10 Ten Diez Ingls Bsico 15 Exercise 1 Listen, read and practice / Escuche, lea y practique Informal Greeting (Saludo Informal) Formal Greeting (Saludo Formal) Exercise 2 Written practice Complete this dialogue. Use greeting and good bye expressions. Complete este dilogo. Utilice expresiones de Saludos y Despedidas. A: ___________________ evening, students. B: Good ______________, teacher. A: ___________________ are you? B: Fine, _______________ and you? A: ____________________ thank you. B: Good _______________, students. - Hi, Im Marlene - Hi, Marlene. My name is Dellys - Hello, Mr. Lpez. - Hello, Mr. Rojas. How do you do?. Ingls Bsico 16 A: See ________ ________, teacher. Exercise 3 Read and practice / Lea y Practique. Formal introduction Presentacin Formal Informal introduction Presentacin Informal Exercise 4 Complete the conversation with greetings / Complete la conversacin con saludos. Dellys: Alice Alice: Dellys - Mr. Lima this is Mr. Rojas. - Mr. Rojas this is Mr. Lima - How do you do Mr. Rojas?. - How do you do Mr. Lima? - Martin, this is Marleny - Marleny, this is Martin. - Hi, Marleny. Nice to meet you. - Nice to meet you, too. Ingls Bsico 17 Exercise 5 Write a dialogue introducing someone / Escriba un dialogo presentando a alguien. Exercise 6 Write a dialogue greeting someone / Escriba un dialogo saludando a alguien. Ingls Bsico 18 Exercise 7 Read and practice / Lea y practique Exercise 8 Read and practice / Lea y practique A. Excuse me. Can I use your pen? B. Sorry, you cant A. Pardon me! May I use your dictionary? B. Yes, you may. A. Thanks a lot A. Im sorry B. Thats all right A. Pardon me B. Thats O.K. Ingls Bsico 19 Exercise 9 Read and practice. / Lea y practique Exercise 10 Fill in the blanks with the possessive adjectives / Llene los espacios en blanco con los posesivos adjetivos. Example: Mary is in her room Anibal is in __________ house We are in __________ classroom The children are in __________ School Exercise 11 Complete the numbers. Complete los nmeros One, two, _________, _________, _________, six, _________, _________, nine, _________. - May I come in? - Yes, you may - Thanks - Can I go out? - Yes, you can Ingls Bsico 20 Self-evaluation / Autoevaluacin A. Greeting People / Saludando Personas Complete the dialogue with the next expressions. Follow the example. / Complete el dilogo con las siguientes expresiones. Siga el ejemplo. Expressions: Thanks Hi! Good Morning Thank you How are you? Fine I am very well Example / Ejemplo: Roberto Hi , Fidel. Fidel Hello , Roberto. How are you? Roberto: Fine, Thanks. Dialogue 1 Aura: (a) , Mario (b) ? Mario: (c) (d) Dialogue 2 Dr. Castillo: (a) Mr. Lima. Mr. Lima: Good Morning Dr. Castillo. (b) ? Dr. Castillo: (c) (d) B. Underline the correct answer for each greeting / Subraye la respuesta correcta para cada saludo. Ingls Bsico 21 Example: Hello, Simn a) Thanks b) Hi, Antonio c) Thank you, and you 1) Good morning, Miss Castro a) Thank you b) Good morning c) Hello, Carlos 2) Hello Pedro a) Fine b) Thanks c) Hi, Lucy 3) Good morning, Mrs. Rojas a) Thank you b) Good morning c) Good morning Mrs. Rojas 4) Sorry a) Thanks b) Its O.K. c) Nice to meet you 5) Forgive me! a) Glad to meet you b) Thank you c) Its all right Ingls Bsico 22 6) Im very sorry! a) Thats O.K. b) Hello c) Fine, thanks C. Complete this dialogue with the greetings and farewell expressions. / Complete el dilogo con expresiones de saludos y despedidas. A: Good (a) _______________Mr. Campos! B: Good Afternoon Mr. Guzmn. (b) _______________? A: I am very well, thank (c) _______________, and you? B: I am (d) _______________, (e) _______________. A: OK. See you (f) _______________ B: Good (g) _______________ D. Put in order the words below to make a question./ Coloque en orden las palabras de abajo para hacer una pregunta. Example: I - in - go - can - ? Can I go in? a) in - May - come - I - ? _____________________________________________________________ b) Can - me - I - Excuse - use - book - your - ? _____________________________________________________________ c) your - May - use - pencil - I - ? _____________________________________________________________ E. Write the numbers from one to ten / Escriba los nmeros del uno al diez. _________, _________, _________, _________, _________, _________, _________, _________, _________ . Ingls Bsico 23 Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin A) Dialogue 1 a) Hi / Hello b) How are you c) Fine d) Thanks Dialogue 2 a) Good Morning b) How are you? c) I am very well d) Thank you B) 1) b 2) c 3) b 4) b 5) c 6) a C) a) Afternoon b) How are you? c) You d) Fine / Very well / OK / Pretty Good e) Thanks f) Later g) Bye D) a) May I come in? b) Excuse me Can I use your book? c) May I use your pencil? E) One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten Ingls Bsico 24 Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten (10) lines dialogue using the following expressions / Escriba un dilogo de 10 lneas utilizando las siguientes expresiones. - Greetings - Introducing someone - Accepting apologies - Giving thanks ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ingls Bsico 25 Unidad II Verbo to Be (Presente Simple) Objetivo Terminal Construir oraciones en Ingls, en forma oral y escrita utilizando el verbo to be en presente simple. Contenido Uso del verbo to Be en presente simple Elementos de la oracin Sujeto Pronombres Sustantivos Artculos Definidos (the) Indefinidos (an, a) Alfabeto en Ingls Informacin de la unidad El verbo To Be (ser o estar) se presenta en las oraciones de las siguientes formas: am - are - is en tiempo presente. El sujeto de la oracin, tal como sucede en castellano es de quien se habla en la oracin. El pronombre es el elemento de la oracin que puede sustituir al nombre o sustantivo. El sustantivo es el elemento referido a personas, animales o cosas dentro de la oracin. Ingls Bsico 26 El adjetivo es el elemento que puede acompaar al sustantivo para describirlo o asignarle una cualidad. Examples: I am a teacher. (Yo soy un profesor.) You are a student. (Yo soy un estudiante.) He is tall. (El es alto.) She is beautiful. (Ella es bella.) It is good. (Eso es bueno.) We are in the living room. (Nosotros estamos en el recibo.) You are from Caracas. (Tu eres de Caracas.) They are players. (Ellos son jugadores.) Ingls Bsico 27 Grammar / Gramtica Personal Pronouns Pronombres Personales Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Contraction Contracciones Singular I Am Im You Are Youre He Is Hes She Is Shes It Is Its Plural We Are Were You Are Youre They Are Theyre Nota: El apstrofe() se utiliza para la contraccin de los pronombres con el verbo to be, ejemplo: I am = Im Questions with the Verb To Be / Preguntas con el Verbo Ser o Estar Yes, no questions (Preguntas Si / No) Possible answers (Posibles Respuestas) Are you a student? Are you from Maracay? Is Jane an artist? Is Paul Tall? Is the class interesting? Are they friends? Yes, I am No, Im not. Im from Caracas. Yes, she is No, he isnt Yes, it is No, they arent Ingls Bsico 28 Example: Are you single? Yes, I am or No Im not. Sentences Structure / Estructura de la Oracin I am a Student (Pronoun) Pronombre (Verb) Verbo (Article) Artculo (Noun) Sustantivo I am from Brazil (Pronoun) Pronombre (Verb) Verbo (Preposition) Preposicin (Noun) Sustantivo She is beautiful (Pronoun) Pronombre (Verb) Verbo (Adjective) Adjetivo Los sustantivos en ingls pueden ser masculinos, femeninos o neutros: Son masculinos los nombres de varones y los de animales de sexo masculino Son femeninos los nombres de mujeres y los de animales de sexo femenino Son neutros los nombres de objetos inanimados El gnero de los sustantivos no afecta ni al artculo ni al adjetivo que los acompaan, ya que estos no varan de forma. Por ejemplo: The red car El carro rojo The red cars Los carros rojos Ingls Bsico 29 Pero en cambio, si hay que tener en cuenta el gnero del sustantivo a la hora de sustituirlo por un pronombre personal: The boy is here He is here El nio est aqu l est aqu. The car is big It is big El carro es grande Este es grande El plural de los sustantivos se forma aadiendo "s" a la forma singular: Cat Cats Gato Gatos Dog Dogs Perro Perros Pero si el sustantivo finaliza en "o", "ch", "sh", "ss", "x", para formar el plural hay que aadir "-es": Box Boxes Caja Cajas Potato Potatoes Papa Papas Y si finaliza por "y", tras una consonante, el plural se forma eliminando esta "y" y aadiendo la terminacin "-ies": Copy Copies Copia Copias Lady Ladies Dama Damas Cuando el sustantivo termina en -f o -fe, el plural se forma eliminando estas y aadiendo la terminacin ves Wife Wives Esposa Esposas Wolf Wolves Lobo Lobos Ingls Bsico 30 Algunas palabras en ingls tan slo tienen la forma plural: Pants Pantalones Scissors Tijeras Glasses Lentes Otras, en cambio, tan slo tienen forma singular: Beauty Belleza Oil Petrleo Gold Oro Fish Pescado Existen tambin algunos plurales que son irregulares. A continuacin se listan algunos de ellos: Man Men Hombre Hombres Woman Women Mujer Mujeres Tooth Teeth Diente Dientes Foot Feet Pie Pies Mouse Mice Ratn Ratones Child Children Nio Nios Goose Geese Ganso Gansos Articles / Artculos Definite Article / Artculo Definido En ingls se utiliza el Artculo The como el equivalente en espaol de El, la, los, las para personas o cosas especficas. Por ejemplo: Ana is the teacher in that school Ana es la profesora en esa escuela Ingls Bsico 31 Indefinite Article El artculo indefinido en Ingls est representado por a o an, ambas significan en castellano un, una para personas o cosas en general. Se utiliza a antes de un sustantivo que inicie en consonante. Por ejemplo: Ana is a teacher Ana es una profesora Se utiliza an antes de un sustantivo que inicie con una vocal o una letra con sonido semivoclico. Por ejemplo: Jose is an engineer Jos es un ingeniero The Alphabet / El Alfabeto Capital Letters and Small Letters / Letras Maysculas y Letras Minsculas A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I i J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r S s T t U u V v W w X x Y y Z z Ingls Bsico 32 EXERCISES / EJERCICIOS Exercise 1 Complete the sentences with the Verb To Be in Simple Present. Complete las oraciones con el Verbo Ser o Estar en Presente Simple. Example: Rosita is _______is_________ an excellent engineer. 1. Fernando and Isabel ________________ doctors. They ________________ from Venezuela. 2. Caracas ________________ a big City 3. Pedro and I ________________ Venezuelans 4. John ________________ a good student Exercise 2 Complete the sentences using the personal pronouns. Complete las oraciones utilizando los pronombres personales. Example: (Maria) __She__ is a beautiful girl 1. (Rose and Helen) ________________ are good friends 2. (The Dog) ________________ is a nice animal 3. (Mary and I) ________________ are neighbors 4. (Juan) ________________ is my friend Exercise 3 Complete the sentences. Use the Definite or Indefinite article. Complete las oraciones. Utilice el Artculo Definido o Indefinido. Ingls Bsico 33 Example: Jane is __a__ nurse 1. ________________ Supervisor is Pedro Diaz. 2. Peter is ________________ Doctor at the Central Hospital. 3. ________________ Secretaries in my company are beautiful. 4. Hes a teacher. Hes ________________ man. 5. John is ________________ actor. 6. John is from ________________ United States 7. Alfred is ________________ engineer Exercise 4 Practice the alphabet orally. Practique el alfabeto de forma oral. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Ingls Bsico 34 Exercise 5 Practice the dialogue. Practique el dialogo. A. Whats your name, please? B. Pedro Yanez A. Can you spell your name? B. Y - a - n - e - z A. And your first name? B. P - e - d - r - o Exercise 6 Practice the dialogue. Practique el dialogo. A. Whats your name, please? B. Jos Tovar A. T - o - v - a - r ? B. Yes, Thats right Ingls Bsico 35 Vocabulary / Vocabulario Adjectives Bad Beautiful Big Doctor Engineer Fat Good Married Last name Name Nurse Occupations Of Course Second name Secretary Short Single Small Student Tall Teacher Thin Ugly Adjetivos Malo (a) Hermoso (a) Grande Doctor (a) Ingeniero (a) Gordo (a) Bueno (a) Casado (a) Apellido Enfermero Nombre Ocupaciones Por supuesto Segundo nombre Secretaria (o) Bajo (a) Soltero (a) Pequeo (a) Estudiante Alto (a) Profesor(a) Delgado (a) Feo (a) Cardinal Numbers from 11 to 20 / Nmeros cardinales de 11 a 20 11 Eleven Once 12 Twelve Doce 13 Thirteen Trece 14 Fourteen Catorce 15 Fifteen Quince 16 Sixteen Dieciseis 17 Seventeen Diecisiete 18 Eighteen Dieciocho 19 Nineteen Diecinueve 20 Twenty Veinte Ingls Bsico 36 Self-evaluation / Autoevaluacin A. Ask and answer. Follow the example / Pregunte y responda. Siga el ejemplo. Example: (Peter / tall) Is Peter tall? Yes, he is 1. (Lucia / beautiful ? Yes, 2. (Cindy and John / young) ? No, 3. (Joseph / tall ) ? No, 4. (You and I / friends) ? Yes, B. Complete the dialogue. Use the correct form of the Verb to Be and the personal pronoun where necessary. Complete el dialogo. Utilice la forma correcta del Verbo ser o estar y el Pronombre personal donde sea necesario. Example: Mr. Lares isnt a bad singer Hes a good singer Alex: Hello, Is this the English Language school? Betty: Yes, ____________________. May I help you? Alex: I like some, information about your program, please Betty: Of course Ingls Bsico 37 Alex: ____________________ the class small? Betty: No, ____________________. We are about 25 people in class Alex: ____________________ the teachers experienced? Betty: Yes, ____________________. They are excellent teachers Alex: Thank you very much Ingls Bsico 38 Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin A. 1. Is Lucia beautiful? Yes, she is 2. Are Cindy and John young? No, they arent 3. Is Joseph tall? No, he isnt 4. Are we friends? Yes, we are B. Betty: It is (its) Alex: is Betty: We arent Alex: Are Betty: They are Ingls Bsico 39 Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a paragraph and describe some members of your neighborhood. Escriba un prrafo y describa algunos miembros de su vecindario. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ingls Bsico 40 Unidad III Estructuras que expresan existencia y cantidad Objetivo Terminal Expresar en ingls, de forma oral y escrita, estructuras que indiquen existencia y cantidad en tiempo presente. Contenido Uso del there is, there are Estructuras interrogativas Estructuras afirmativas Estructuras negativas Respuestas cortas y largas Uso del how many, how much Adverbios de cantidad Contables No contables Preposiciones Informacin de la unidad En ingls existen formas de decir hay, estas son: there is y there are. There is se usa cuando queremos expresar la existencia de una sola persona, animal o cosa, es decir en singular, por Ejemplo: There is a book on the table (Hay un libro sobre la mesa). Ingls Bsico 41 There are se utiliza cuando se desea expresar la existencia de ms de una persona, animal o cosa, es decir, en plural, por ejemplo: There are three pencils on the desk (Hay tres lpices sobre el escritorio). Para preguntar acerca de cantidades y valor se utilizan las estructuras de How many y How much. How much es utilizado para determinar la cantidad en singular de cosas que no pueden ser contadas como el agua, el aire, la comida e igualmente para preguntar por el precio o costo de algo, por ejemplo: How much water is there in the glass? (Cunta agua hay en el vaso?) How much is this cheese sandwich? (Cunto es este sndwich de queso?) How many es utilizado para preguntar por cantidades en plural (personas, animales, cosas), por ejemplo: How many chairs are there in the classroom? (Cuntas sillas hay en el saln de clase?) Ingls Bsico 42 Grammar / Gramtica There is / There are Singular Plural Affirmative There is There are Negative There isnt There arent Interrogative Is there? Are there? Short Answers Yes, There is No, There isnt Yes, there are No, there arent Countable Nouns (contables) Uncountable Nouns (no contables) Singular Plural cream a tomato Tomatoes sugar a can of soup cans of soup coffee a chair Chairs water one book Books Juice Some / any Countable Nouns Sustantivos Contables Uncountable Nouns Sustantivos Incontables Affirmative There are some lemons. Theres some orange juice. Negative There arent any eggs. There isnt any chicken. Interrogative Are there any sandwiches? Is there any milk? How much? / How many? Countable Nouns Uncountable Nouns How many apples are there on the table? How much sugar is there in the cup? Ingls Bsico 43 Prepositions / Preposiciones in on at (en, dentro de) (en, sobre de) (en, a un lado de) Examples: - The students are in the classroom. - The book is on the table. - The man is at the door. Preparing food / Preparando comida Exercise 1 Read and practice the conversation. Lea y practique la conversacin Marlene: OK. We need two hundred grams of flour Alice: Yes. Theres some flour in the cupboard Marlene: Are there any eggs? Alice: Yes. I think there are three eggs in the fridge Marlene: Are there any lemons there, too? Alice: There arent any lemons. Oh, sorry, there is one Marlene. OK. Theres some milk and some butter in the fridge too Ingls Bsico 44 Alice: Right. Oh no! There isnt any sugar! Marlene: Yes, there is. Its on the table. Exercise 2 Look at the picture above and make ten negative and affirmative sentences about it. Vea la figura de abajo y haga diez oraciones negativas y afirmativas acerca de ella. Example: Theres some milk. There isnt any coffee ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 45 Exercise 3 Write Theres or There are. Escriba Theres o There are Example: There are two knives in the kitchen. 1- a new camera on the table. 2- a big clock on the wall. 3- two oranges in the box. 4- five CDs in the CD player. 5- two telephones on the desk. 6- six people in the family. 7- a big television in the room. 8- two suitcases on the floor. 9- three books on the shelf. Exercise 4 Look at the picture, then answer the question. Vea la foto, luego responda a las preguntas. Ingls Bsico 46 What is there in the picture? Example: There is a digital camera in the picture. There are books in the picture. 1- 2- 3- 4- Exercise 5 Look at the picture, and then write a list of the things in it. Vea la foto, luego escriba una lista de cosas en ella. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 47 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Exercise 6 Ask and answer the questions: Is there? / Are there?. (Use the list from exercise 5). Pregunte y responda a las preguntas Is there? / Are there?. (Utilice la lista del ejercicio 5) Example: Is there a computer on your list? Yes, there is a computer on my list. No, there isnt a computer on my list. Continue with the rest of the things / Contine con el resto de las cosas. Ingls Bsico 48 Exercise N 7 Answer these questions, affirmative or negative. Responda a las preguntas afirmativa o negativamente Example: Is there a cow in the classroom? Yes, There is a cow in the classroom No, there isnt a cow in the classroom 1. Are there three doors in the house? ________________________ 2. Are there secretaries in that office? ________________________ 3. Is there a boy in your house? ________________________ 4. Is there any milk in the refrigerator? ________________________ 5. Are there any lemons in the fridge? ________________________ 6. Are there any sandwiches on the table? ________________________ 7. Is there any flour on the table? ________________________ 8. Is there a lemon in the fridge? ________________________ 9. Are there any horses in your house? ________________________ Exercise 8 Complete with: How much or How many. Complete con Cuanto o Cuntos. Example: How much sugar is there in your coffee? 1 milk is there in the glass? 2 cars are there in the garage? 3 men are there in your house? 4 money is there in your pocket? Ingls Bsico 49 Exercise 9 Answer the following questions. Responda a las siguientes preguntas. Example: How many people are there in your family? There are five people in my family 1. How much sugar is there in your coffee? ___________________________________________________________ 2. How many bathrooms are there in your house? ___________________________________________________________ 3. How much coffee is there in your cup? ___________________________________________________________ 4. How many children are there in that school? ___________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 50 Vocabulary / Vocabulario Any Apple At Bathroom Big Black beans Book Box Bread Breakfast Bunch of grapes Butter Camera Can Carrot CD CD player Chair Chicken Clock Coffee Cream Cup Cupboard Desk Dinner Dish Egg Family Floor Flour Fridge Fried banana Fruit Glasses Grams House How much? In Juice Kitchen Knife Lemon Ninguno (a), ningunos (as) Manzana En Bao Grande Caraotas Libro Caja Pan Desayuno Racimo de uvas Mantequilla Cmara Lata Zanahoria Disco Compacto Equipo de sonido con CD Silla Pollo Reloj de pared Caf Crema Taza Gabinete Escritorio Cena Plato Huevo Familia Piso Harina Refrigerador Tajada Fruta Lentes, espejuelos Gramos Casa Cunto? Cunta? En, dentro de Jugo Cocina Cuchillo Limn Ingls Bsico 51 Lunch Meat Microwave Milk Mushroom Notebook Office On Orange Orange juice Papaya People Picture Plate Potato Rice Salad Sandwich School Scramble eggs Shelf Some Soup Spoon Sugar Suitcase Table Telephone Television Tomato Water Almuerzo Carne Microondas Leche Championes, hongos Cuaderno Oficina Sobre de Naranja Jugo de naranja Lechosa Gente, personas, poblacin Cuadro, foto Plato Papa Arroz Ensalada Emparedado Escuela Huevos revueltos Estante Alguno (a), algunos (a) Sopa Cucharilla Azcar Maleta Mesa Telfono Televisin Tomate Agua Ingls Bsico 52 Numbers / Nmeros Thirty Forty Fifty Sixty Seventy Eighty Ninety One Hundred One Thousand Ten Thousand One Hundred Thousand One Million Treinta Cuarenta Cincuenta Sesenta Setenta Ochenta Noventa Cien Mil Diez Mil Cien Mil Un Milln Ingls Bsico 53 Self-evaluation / Autoevaluacin A. Look at the picture and write three questions / Vea la foto y escriba tres preguntas Breakfast / Desayuno Example : Is there any glass on the table? 1. 2. 3. B. Look at the picture and answer the following questions / Vea la foto y responda a las siguientes preguntas. Lunch / Almuerzo Ingls Bsico 54 Example: Is there any fruit on the table? No, there isnt any fruit on the table 1. Is there any papaya juice for lunch? ________________________________________________________ 2. Is there any chicken on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 3. Is there any salad on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 4. Are there any black beans on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 5. Is there any lettuce on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 6. Are there any potatoes on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 7. Is there any carrot on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 8. Is there any bread on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 9. Is there any corn flakes for lunch? ________________________________________________________ C. Look at the picture and answer the questions / Vea la foto y responda las siguientes preguntas. Ingls Bsico 55 Example: How much bread is there in the picture? Theres some bread in the picture 1. How much cheese is there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 2. How many tomatoes are there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 3. How much meat is there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 4. How many potatoes are there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 56 Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin A. 1- Is there any juice on the table? 2- Are there any cookies on the table? 3- Is there any dish on the table? B. 1- No, there isnt any papaya juice for lunch. 2- Yes, there is some chicken on the plate. 3- Yes, there is some salad on the plate. 4- No, there arent any black beans on the plate. 5- Yes, there is some lettuce on the plate. 6- Yes, there are some potatoes on the plate. 7- Yes, there is some carrot on the plate. 8- No, there isnt any bread on the plate. 9- No, there isnt any corn flake for lunch. C. 1- There is a piece of cheese in the picture. 2- There are three potatoes in the picture. 3- There is some meat on the table. 4- There are two tomatoes in the picture. Ingls Bsico 57 Written Work / Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write 15 negative and affirmative sentences about The Vacation Hotel. Use there is - there isnt, there are - there arent. (Escriba 15 oraciones negativas y afirmativas acerca del Hotel de Vacaciones. Utilice there is - there isnt, there are - there arent.) The Vacation Hotel In each room: At the hotel: - Bathroom - Two restaurants - Two beds - Four tennis court - A television - Two parking lots - Air conditioner Other facilities / Otras Comodidades - A radio - Refrigerator - Cellular phone - CD Player and VCR - Swimming pool - Gift shops - Golf fields - Beach -Bank Ingls Bsico 56 Unidad IV Descripcin de personas, cosas y lugares Objetivo Terminal Describir en el idioma Ingls personas, cosas y lugares en forma oral y escrita. Contenido Descripcin de la casa, el saln de clases, oficina, lugares, personas. Identificacin de pases, nacionalidades, idiomas. Relaciones familiares. Posesivos (s). Preguntas de informacin. Das de la semana, meses. Informacin de la unidad En el idioma Ingls usamos adjetivos para dscribir personas, animals y cosas, ejemplo: Big (grande) Tall (alto) Blue ( azul) A diferencia del espaol, los adjetivos va ubicados antes del sustantivo, ejemplo: This is a beautiful house. (Esta es una casa bella.) Ingls Bsico 57 Tambin pueden ir ubicados despus del verbo, al final de una oracin, ejemplo: Mara is intelligent. (Mara es inteligente.) Para indagar la procedencia de las personas se pregunta Where are you from? (De donde eres?) es muy importante que se use la preposicin from en es6a presgunta, ya que su omisin cambiara totalmente el significado de la misma. Ejemplo: Where are you? ( Donde estas?) Where are you from? (De donde eres?) El posesivo (s) es usado para indicar pertenencia, este se agrega al sustantivo, ejemplo: Miriams car. (El carro de Miriam) Podemos observar mediante el ejemplo que el sustantivo va en primer lugar y lo que se posee en segundo lugar. Es importante no confundir el posesivo (s) con la contraccin del verbo to be, ejemplo: Miriams a student. ( Miriam es una estudiante. Miriams students (Los estudiantes de Miriam) Por otra parte si el sustantivo termina en s solo agregamos el apstrofe (s), ejemplo: Luis dog. (El perro de Luis.) The students classrrom. (El saln de clase de los estudiantes.) Ingls Bsico 58 Existen en Ingls las llamadas preguntas de informacin, que se usan para obtener una informacin determinada, ejemplo: a) What is your name? (Cul es tu nombre?) Josefina. b) How are you? (Como ests?) Fine. Ingls Bsico 59 Grammar / Gramtica Adjectives / Adjetivos Questions / Preguntas What s is it Like? are they Answers / Respuestas It s is beautiful big fast blue new They re are Ejemplo: Its big. (Esto es grande.) Its a big car. (Este es un carro grande.) Theyre big. (Ellos son grandes.) Theyre big cars. (Ellos son carros grandes.) Nota: Observe que los adjetivos en Ingls no tienen formas plurales. Questions / Preguntas What color is it? are they? Answers / Respuestas It s is red, yellow, green, etc. They re are Ingls Bsico 60 Questions / Preguntas What kind is it? are they? Answers / Respuestas It s a Corvette They re Corvettes Country / Pas Nationality / Nacionalidad Language / Idioma Venezuela Colombia Brazil Cuba Portugal England The United States Venezuelan Colombian Brazilian Cuban Portuguese British American Spanish Spanish Portuguese Spanish Portuguese English English Adjectives / Adjetivos Colors / Colores White Black Orange Green Yellow Gray Red Pink Blue Gold Silver Purple Brown Blanco Negro Anaranjado Verde Amarillo Gris Rojo Rosado Azul Dorado Plateado Morado Marrn Ingls Bsico 61 Other adjectives / Otros adjetivos Short Long High Beautiful Ugly Fast New Old Bajo / corto Largo Alto Bello Feo Rpido Nuevo viejo Parts of a house / Partes de una casa Bedroom Living room Bathroom Kitchen Dinning room Habitacin Sala o recibo Bao Cocina Comedor Classroom / Saln de clases Students Board Desk Teacher Marker Eraser Book Notebook Workbook File Paper Dictionary Pencil Pen Air conditioner Estudiantes Pizarra Escritorio Profesor Marcador Borrador Libro Cuaderno Llibro de tarea Carpeta Papel Dicionario Lpiz Bolgrafo Acondicionador de aire Ingls Bsico 62 Possesives / Posesivos Peters family This is Peters family. Jos is his grandfather. Cristina is his grandmother. Ana is his aunt and Robert is his uncle. Robert is Anas husband. Ana is Roberts wife. Patty is Robert and Anas daughter. She is Peters cousin. David and Miriam are his parents. David is his father and Miriam is his mother. Carlos is Peters brother and Kelly is his sister. Nota: ver significado de las palabras subrayadas en el vocabulario. Jos & Cristina Ana Robert Miriam David Carlos Peter Kelly Patty Ingls Bsico 63 Questions words / Palabras interrogativas What (Qu o cual?) Whats your name? My name is Miriam. When (Cundo?) Whens your birthday? My birthday is in July. Where (Dnde?) Where are you? Im at home. Who (Quin?) Who is your mother? Cristina. How (Cmo?) How are you? Fine, thanks Days of the week / Das de la semana Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Domingo Lunes Martes Mircoles Jueves Viernes Sbado Ingls Bsico 64 Months of the year / Meses del ao January February March April May June July August September October November December Enero Febrero Marzo Abril Mayo Junio Julio Agosto Septiembre Octubre Noviembre Diciembre Ingls Bsico 65 Exercise 1 Write a short paragraph about your house. Example: My house is big. Its a beautiful house. There are 3 bedrooms. They are big. The kitchen is small. There are 7 chairs in the living room. _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Exercise 2 Read the following paragraph and identify the adjectives that describe the office and the classroom. 1. Our office is big. There are four small desks and two chairs. Theres a computer and 1 file, the file is brown. There are two pictures. They are very beautiful. 2. How is your classroom? (Describe your classroom). Ingls Bsico 66 Exercise 3 Practice the dialogues 1) A: Where are you from? B: Im from India, and you? A: Im from Venezuela 2) A: Where is Nancy from? B: Shes from Canada. 3) A: Laura, where are you and Ricardo from? B: Were from Cuba A: Oh, Are you from la Habana? B: Yes, we are A: And the Garcas?. B: Theyre from Mexico. Exercise 4 Read and answer the questions / Lea y responda las preguntas. Vancouver is a city in Canada. Its on the pacific Ocean. The city is wonderful. Its clean. Almost three quarters of the population are of British ancestry. Other ethnic groups are east Indians. The food in Vancouver is varied and delicious. Its a nice place for a vacation. 1. Where is Vancouver? ________________________________________________________ 2. Is Canada a city? ________________________________________________________ 3. Is Vancouver on the Atlantic Ocean? ________________________________________________________ 4. Is Vancouver a wonderful city? ________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 67 Exercise 5 Write your familys names. (Escribe los nombres de tu familia.) Grandmother __________________ Grandfather __________________ Father __________________ Mother __________________ Brother __________________ Sister __________________ Daughter __________________ Aunt __________________ Niece __________________ Nephew __________________ Uncle __________________ Exercise 6 Underline the possessives in the following sentences. Example: Pedros mother is a writer. 1. Pedro is with his dog. 2. The dogs food is on the table. 3. The dogs are in the garage. 4. Marys twenty years old. 5. The girls cousin are Fred and Tom. 6. The girls are dancing. Ingls Bsico 68 Vocabulary / Vocabulario Meeting Country Seat Avenue Street Party Birthday Phone City Ancestry Place Appointment Husband Wife Son Daughter Brother Sister Grandfather Grandmother Uncle Aunt Cousin Niece Nephew Reunin Pas/campo Asiento Avenida Calle Fiesta Cumpleaos Telfono Ciudad Ancestro Lugar Cita Esposo Esposa Hijo Hija Hermano Hermana Abuelo Abuela To Ta Primo Sobrina Sobrino Ordinal numbers 1st. 2nd. 3rd. 4th. 5th. 6th. 7th. 8th. 9th. 10th. First (primero) Second (segundo) Third (tercero) Fourth (cuarto) Fifth (quinto) Sixth (sexto) Seventh (sptimo) Eighth (octavo) Ninth (noveno) Tenth (dcimo) Ingls Bsico 69 Self-evaluation / Autoevaluacin Part I Complete the sentences using the vocabulary about months and days of the week. (Complete las oraciones usando el vocabulario de meses y das de la semana.) Example: The first day of the week is Monday. 1. ____________ is after March. 2. ____________ is the month with less days. 3. In __________ we celebrate Christmas. 4. ____________ and ____________ are the days of the weekend. Part II Complete the following sentences. (Complete las siguientes orcaiones.) Example: My brothers mother is my uncle. 1. My mothers father is my _______________ 2. My fathers brother is my _______________ 3. My aunts daughter are my _______________ 4. My father and mother are my _______________ Ingls Bsico 70 Part III Complete these sentences with the correct word. Use the words in the box below. (Complete estas oraciones con la palabra correcta. Use las palabras que se encuentran en el recuadro de abajo.) Example: Hugo is from Venezuela. His language is Spanish. Brazil Spanish Japan Mexico Venezuelan England Japanese 1. Sussys language is English. She is from ___________________ 2. Yokosuna is from ___________________ 3. Hideo Nomos language is ___________________ 4. Joao is from ____________. His language is Portuguese. Part IV Complete the sentences with the possessive (s). Use the noun in parenthesis. (Complete las oraciones con el posesivo. Use el sustantivo en parntesis.) Example: Miriams students are intelligents. (Miriam) 1. _____________ car is beautiful. (My father) 2. _____________ house is big. (Julio) 3. _____________ friends are nice (The boys) 4. _____________ birthday is tomorrow (Luis) 5. _____________ plate is clean (The dogs) Ingls Bsico 71 Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin Part I 1. April 2. February 3. December 4. Saturday Sunday Part II 1. Mother 2. Grandfather 3. Uncle 4. Cousins 5. Parents Part III 1. England 2. Japan 3. Japanese 4. Brazil Part IV 1. My fathers 2. Julios 3. The boys 4. Luis Ingls Bsico 72 Written Work / Trabajo Escrito 1. Describe a classroom. Use adjectives. (Describe un saln de clases. Use adjetivos.) 2. Describe your house. (Describe tu casa) Ingls Bsico 73 Unidad V Presente Continuo Objetivo Terminal Construir oraciones en ingls, en forma oral y escrita, utilizando el presente continuo. Contenido Uso del Tiempo Presente Continuo Estructuras afirmativas Estructuras negativas Estructuras interrogativas Respuestas Cortas Afirmativas y Negativas Respuestas Largas Afirmativas y negativas La hora Informacin de la Unidad El presente continuo se forma con el verbo to be + el presente participio del verbo principal de la oracin (verbo + ing). El Presente Participio tambin es llamado gerundio (ing). El -ing se forma agregando la partcula ing en la terminacin de cada verbo. El gerundio en Castellano equivale a la terminacin -endo, -ando. Ejemplo: Work / Working (Trabajar / Trabajando) Read / Reading (Leer / Leyendo) Cuando queremos preguntar la hora en Ingls, podemos utilizar las siguientes preguntas: Ingls Bsico 74 - What time is it? - Whats the time? Y para responder a estas dos preguntas utilizamos la expresin: - Its one oclock. ( 01:00 ) - Its a quarter to five. ( 04:45 ) Cuando es la hora y media, se dice: - Its half past four. ( 04:45 ) - Its half after four. ( 04:30 ) - Its four thirty. ( 04:30 ) Cuando faltan 15 minutos para la hora, se dice: - Its a quarter to five. ( 04:45 ) - Its fifteen minutes to five. ( 04:45 ) - Its four forty five. ( 04:45 ) Cuando faltan minutos para la hora, se dice: - Its twenty to five. ( 4:40 ) - Its four forty. ( 4:40 ) - Its ten to five. ( 4:50 ) Otras: - Its ten past three. ( 03:10 ) - Its ten after three. ( 03:10 ) - Its twenty past four. ( 04:20 ) - Its four twenty. ( 04:20 ) Ingls Bsico 75 GRAMMAR Present Continuos Tense / Presente Continuo Afirmative Structures / Estructuras Afirmativas Subject + To Be + Verb (-ing) (Am, are, is) Examples / Ejemplos: Subject (Sujeto) Verb To Be (Verbo ser o estar) Gerund (Gerundio) Complement (Complemento) I am reading a book Peter is watching T.V. We are having lunch Negative Structures / Estructuras Negativas Subject + To Be + Not + Verb (-ing) (Am, are, is) Examples / Ejemplos: Subject Verb To Be Negative (Negacin) Gerund Complement I am not reading a book Peter isnt watching T.V. We arent having lunch Interrogative Structures / Estructuras Interrogativas To Be + Subject + Verb (-ing) + Complement + ? (Am, are, is) Ingls Bsico 76 Examples / Ejemplos: Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Subject Sujeto Gerund Gerundio Complement Complemento ? Are you reading a book ? Is Peter watching T.V. ? Are we having lunch ? Affirmative Short Answers / Respuestas Cortas Afirmativas Yes, + Subject + To Be (Am, are, is) Examples / Ejemplos: Affirmative Afirmacin Subject Sujeto Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Yes, I am Yes, He is Yes, We are Negative Short Answers / Respuestas Cortas Afirmativas No, + Subject + To Be + not (Am, are, is) Examples / Ejemplos: Affirmative Afirmacin Subject Sujeto Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar No, I am not No, He isnt No, We arent Ingls Bsico 77 Information Questions / Preguntas Informativas Wh- Question + To Be + Subject + Verb (-ing) + ? (Am, are, is) Examples / Ejemplos: Wh-Question Pregunta Wh- Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Subject Sujeto Gerund Gerundio ? What Are you reading ? Where Is Peter playing ? When am I leaving ? Examples / Ejemplos I am studying at INCE. (Estoy estudiando en el INCE) My father is working now. (Mi padre est trabajando ahora) We are speaking English in class. (Estamos hablando Ingls en clase) El gerundio es formado aadiendo la terminacin "-ing" al infinitivo: To listen (escuchar) listening To hear (oir) hearing Si el verbo finaliza con una nica "e", esta letra desaparece delante de "-ing": To come (venir) coming To write (escribir) writing Si el verbo tiene una sola slaba, y sta tiene una nica vocal y finaliza en una nica consonante, entonces esta consonante final se dobla: To cut (cortar) cutting To sit (sentarse) sitting Ingls Bsico 78 Si el verbo tiene dos o ms silabas, con el acento sobre la ltima, y sta ltima slaba contiene una sola vocal y finaliza en una nica consonante, entonces esta consonante final tambin se dobla: To admit (admitir) admitting To begin (empezar) beginning Si el verbo termina por la consonante "l" detrs de una nica vocal, esta consonante "l" se dobla: To cancel (cancelar) cancelling To impel (impulsar) impelling Si el verbo finaliza en "y", esta letra se mantiene y se le aade la terminacin "-ing": To study (estudiar) studying To try (intentar) trying Read and practice these dialogues (Lea y practique estos dilogos) Are the children reading a book? (Estn los nios leyendo un libro?) Yes, they are reading a book. (Si, ellos estn leyendo un libro) Ingls Bsico 79 Is Juan working or playing? (Est Juan trabajando o jugando?) He is working. (El est trabajando) Is Juan closing the door? (Esta Juan cerrando la puerta?) No, he isnt. Hes fixing the door. (No, el no. El est reparando la puerta) Where are Peter and Fred walking? (Donde estn caminando Peter y Fred?) Theyre walking in the streets. (Ellos estn caminando en las calles) Ingls Bsico 80 Whats Luis doing? (Que est haciendo Luis?) Hes cooking. (El est cocinando) Whats he cooking? (Que est cocinando?) Hes cooking a barbecue. (El est cocinando una parrilla) - Anna: Whats your teacher doing? (Que est haciendo el profesor?) - Freddy: Hes talking to the students. (El est hablando a los estudiantes) - Mary: Whats your brother studying? (Qu est estudiando tu hermano?) - Paul: Hes studying mathematics. (El est estudiando matemticas) Ingls Bsico 81 Read and practice / Lea y Practique - Is Mary speaking with Ann? Yes, She is. - Are you writing? Yes, I am. - Is the man wearing jeans? Yes, he is. - Are you listening to the teacher? No, I am not. - Is Robert drinking juice? No, he isnt. Read and practice / Lea y Practique - Are you working in the school? Yes, I am working in the school. - Is Luisa answering the questions? Yes, she is answering the questions. - Are you eating a sandwich? No, we arent eating a sandwich - Is Helen listening to music? No, she isnt listening to music. Ingls Bsico 82 Exercises a. Answer in affirmative form Example: Is the man writing? Yes, he is writing 1. Are the children playing trompo? 2. Are you coming to class? 3. Is she playing tennis? b. Answer in negative form Example: Is he going home? No, he isnt going home 1. Is the teacher writing on the board? 2. Are they listening to the radio? Ingls Bsico 83 3. Are you speaking French? c. Answer according with the word in parenthesis Example Whats the girl drinking? (Milk) Shes drinking milk 1. What are the children flying? (Kite) _____________________________________________________________ 2. What are you studying now? (English) _____________________________________________________________ 3. What is she playing? (Volleyball) Ingls Bsico 84 Vocabulary / Vocabulario VERBS ( Infinitive) GERUND (Verbos en Infinitivo) (Gerundio) to answer responder answering Respondiendo to close cerrar closing Cerrando to come venir Coming Viniendo to do hacer Doing Haciendo to drink tomar, beber drinking Tomando, bebiendo to eat comer Eating Comiendo to fix reparar Fixing Reparando to fly volar Flying Volando to go ir Going Iendo to open abrir Opening Abriendo to play jugar Playing Jugando to ride montar Riding Montando to sit down sentarse Sitting down Sentndose to speak hablar Speaking Hablando to stand up pararse Standing up Parndose to study estudiar Studying Estudiando to walk caminar Walking Caminando to watch ver, observar Watching Observando to wear llevar puesto Wearing Vistiendo to work trabajar Working Trabajando to write escribir Writing Escribiendo Ingls Bsico 85 NOUNS OR SUSTANTIVES (Nombres o sustantivos) Board Pizarrn Child Nio Children Nios Class Clase Example Example Exercise Exercise Father Padre Garage Garage Garden Jardn Gerund Gerundio Girl Muchacha Home Hogar Jeans Pantaln de Jean Kite Papagayo Lesson Leccin Man Hombre Mango Mango Men Hombres Mother Madre Nouns Sustantivos o nombres Radio Radio Sister Hermana Street (s) Calle (s) Student Estudiante Tea T Teacher Profesor (a) Telephone Telfono Ingls Bsico 86 TIME (La hora) Oclock To Half Quarter Watch Clock Midday / Noon Midnight Weekdays Weekend Full time Tomorrow The day after tomorrow Yesterday The day before yesterday Minutes Seconds En punto Para Media Un cuarto Reloj de pulsera Reloj de pared Medioda Medianoche Dias de la semana Fin de semana Tiempo completo Maana Pasado maana Ayer Antes de ayer Minutos Segundos Ingls Bsico 87 Ingls Bsico 88 Self - evaluation / Autoevaluacin Part I Look at the picture and answer the questions. Vea la foto y responda las preguntas Example: Is the girl reading or writing? Shes writing 1. Are the children riding their bicycle or walking? _____________________________________ 2. Are they talking or watching TV? _____________________________________ Ingls Bsico 89 Part II Answer in affirmative form Example: Is Ramon studying the lesson? Yes, he is studying the lesson. 1. Is Alice opening her book? __________________________________________ 2. Is the boy listening to the radio? _______________________________________ 3. Are the teachers speaking English? _______________________________________ 4. Are you answering the questions? _______________ ________________________ 3. What is the boy doing? _____________________________________ 4. What is Susan doing? _____________________________________ Ingls Bsico 90 Part III Answer in negative form Example: Is he taking a test? No, he isnt taking a test. 1. Are you taking a test? ___________________________________ 2. Is Pedro studying mathematics? ___________________________________ 3. Is she sitting down? ___________________________________ 4. Are they working now? __________________________________ Part IV Look at the picture. Answer in negative form and describe the action with the word in parenthesis. Example: Is the man reading a Spanish book? (English) No, he isnt. Hes reading an English book. Ingls Bsico 91 1. Are they working? (play) _____________________________________ 2. Is the old man playing? (speak) _____________________________________ 3. Are you playing golf? (fish) _____________________________________ 4. Is he writing on the notebook? (board) _____________________________________ Ingls Bsico 92 Part V Write the time. (Escriba la hora.) Example: What time is it? ( 4:20 ) Its twenty past four. 1. ( 05:45 ) __________________________ 2. ( 12:00 ) __________________________ 3. ( 02:10 ) __________________________ 4. ( 03.15 ) __________________________ 5. ( 08:30 ) __________________________ Ingls Bsico 93 Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin Part I 1. They are riding their bicycle. 2. Theyre watching T.V. 3. Hes riding in the street. 4. Shes reading a book. Part II 1- Yes, she is opening her book. 2- Yes, he is listening to the radio. 3- Yes, they are speaking English. 4- Yes, I am answering the questions. Part III 1- No, I am not taking a test. 2- No, he isnt studying mathematics. 3- No, she isnt sitting down. 4- No, they arent working now. Part IV 1- No, they arent. Theyre playing. 2- No, he isnt. Hes speaking. 3- No, I am not. Im fishing. 4- No, he isnt. Hes writing on the board. Part V 1- Its a quarter to six. Ingls Bsico 94 2- Its twelve oclock 3- Its ten past / after two. 4- Its a quarter past / after three. 5- Its half past eight. Ingls Bsico 95 Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Describe the picture above. Use the Present Continuous Tense Example: There are two men fishing ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 96 Unidad VI Auxiliares Do, Does y verbo to have Objetivo Terminal Construir en Ingls oraciones interrogativas, afirmativas y negativas utilizando le tiempo presente simple y el verbo to have. Contenido Uso de los auxiliares Do Does Uso del verbo to have Adverbios de frecuencia Likes and dislikes Ocupaciones Informacin de la unidad Los auxiliares Do y Does, son utilizados con diferentes pronombres y nos permiten interrogar o negar en presente simple con los verbos regulares e irregulares, a excepcin del verbo to be. El auxiliar Do debe ser utilizado con los siguientes pronombres: I Do You We They Example: I study English every day. (Yo estudio Ingls todos los das) Ingls Bsico 97 Do you study English every day? (T estudias Ingls todo los das?) No, I dont study English every day Y el auxiliar Does se utiliza con la terceras personas He Does She It Tenemos que destacar que el verbo principal de la oracin debe estar en forma simple y cuando la oracin est en tercera persona se le agrega al verbo principal la partcula s o es, dependiendo del verbo. Example: Alice studies English every day. (Alice estudia Ingls todos los das) Does she study English every day? (Ella estudia Ingls todos los das?) No, she doesnt study English every day. (No, ella no estudia Ingls todos los das) Ingls Bsico 98 GRAMMAR El auxiliar Do utilizado con los pronombres I, You, We, They, as como el Does con los pronombres She, He, It es omitido en las oraciones afirmativas y se escribe el verbo en su forma simple conservando la siguiente estructura: Example a) They play soccer on Sundays. Sujeto (s) verbo (v) complemento (c) b) Mario plays soccer on Sundays. Sujeto (s) verbo (v) complemento (c) Nota: Con las terceras personas al verbo principal de la oracin se le agrega una (s). Uso del auxiliar Do Do I You Study English? We They Do You Study English? Auxiliar Subject / Sujeto Verb / verbo Complement / Complemento Ingls Bsico 99 Sentences Changing to Questions (Cambio de oraciones afirmativas a preguntas) Examples You walk every day. (Tu caminas a diario) Do you walk every day? (Tu caminas a diario?) We eat in a restaurant. (Nosotros comemos en un restaurant) Do we eat in a restaurant? (Nosotros comemos en un restaurant?) Affirmative form (Oraciones afirmativas): Examples: Do they play football every day? (Ellos juegan football todos los das?) Yes, they do. Yes, they play football every day Si, ellos juegan futbol todos los das. Ingls Bsico 100 Do you read History books? (Lees libros de Historia?) Yes, I do. Yes, I read History books. (Si, leo libros de Historia) Negative form (Oraciones negativas): Examples: Do they play football every day? No, they do not (dont) No, they dont play football every day. (No, ellos no juegan futbol todos los das) Do you read History books? No, I dont. (do not) No, I dont read History books. (No, no leo libros de Historia) Ingls Bsico 101 Interrogative form: Para realizar formas interrogativas con los auxiliares Do - Does, seguimos el siguiente esquema: Do We Write books in English? They I You Does He Write books in English? She It En presencia del auxiliar Does en la oracin interrogativa la (s) o (es) al final del verbo se omite. Ejemplo: a) I study English. (Yo estudio Ingls.) Do you study English? (Tu estudias Ingls?) b) He works everyday. (El trabaja todos los das.) Does he work everyday? (El trabaja todos los das?) Ingls Bsico 102Sentences Changing to interrogative form (Cambio de oraciones afirmativas a forma interrogative) Examples: I play the guitar. (Yo toco la guitarra) Do you play the guitar? (Tu tocas la guitarra?) She writes everyday. (Ella escribe todos los das) Does she write everyday? (Ella escribe todos los das?) He works every day. (El trabaja todos los das) Does he work every day? (El trabaja todos los das?) Affirmative form (Oraciones afirmativas): Examples: Do they eat fish? (Ellos comen pescado?) Yes, they do. (Si, ellos comen) Yes, they eat fish. (Si ellos comen pescado) Does she write in Spanish? (Ella escribe en Espaol) Yes, she does. Yes, she writes in Spanish. (Si, ella escribe en Espaol) Negative form (Oraciones negativas): Examples: Ingls Bsico 103Do they study English? (Ellos estudian Ingls?) No, they dont. (No ellos no.) No, they dont study English. (No, ellos no estudian Ingls) Do you read the newspaper? (Tu lees el peridico?) No, I dont. ( No, yo no.) No, I dont read the newspaper. (No, yo no leo el peridico) Does she clean the house every Saturday? (Ella limpia la casa todos los Sbados?) No, she doesnt (does not) No, she doesnt clean the house every Saturday. (No, ella no limpia la casa todos los Sbados) Does he clean the room? (El limpia la habitacin?) No, he doesnt. (does not) No, he doesnt clean the room. (No, el no limpia la habitacin) We can use these expressions to Express Likes and Dislikes (Podemos usar estas expresiones para decir lo que nos gusta o disgusta) Express Likes (Expresar gustos) I like to dance Merengue We like to study on weekends She likes to work in the morning Express Dislikes (Expresar lo que no nos gusta) She doesnt like to play tennis. Jhon doesnt like to watch TV. We dont like to eat fish. They dont like to speak in class. Ingls Bsico 104OCCUPATIONS / OCUPACIONES En Ingls al igual que en Espaol existe una gama de ocupaciones, entre las cuales tenemos: Teacher Student Dentist Doctor Nurse Accountant Lawyer Waiter Waitress Actress Engineer Mechanic Architect Housewife Cashier Manager Butcher Baker Farmer Profesor (a) Estudiante Dentista Doctor Enfermera Contador Abogado Mesonero Mesonera Actriz Ingeniero Mecnico Arquitecto Ama de casa Cajero Gerente Carnicero Panadero granjero Ejemplo: - Sara is a lawyer. - Robert is an accountant. Ingls Bsico 105Nota: Es necesario colocar el artculo indeterminado o indefinido ( a / an ) antes de una ocupacin. Simple Present / Presente Simple We also use the present simple to talk about things that happen repeatedly. (Tambin usamos el presente simple para hablar acerca de las cosas que pasan repetidamente) I / We / They always usually often sometimes study English play soccer He / she / it Rarely Never studies French plays volleyball Examples: I always study English. They sometimes play volleyball. He often studies English. She usually plays Volleyball. VERBO TO HAVE / VERBO TENER En el idioma Ingls el verbo to have se considera como un verbo irregular, y en el tiempo presente simple se utiliza para expresar posesin (tener). Ingls Bsico 106En el tiempo presente simple el verbo to have presenta las siguientes conjugaciones: Affirmative form (Forma afirmativa) I You We They have He She It has Ejemplo: - I have a dog. (Yo tengo un perro) - Mary has three sisters. (Mary tiene tres hermanas) Negative form (Forma negativa) Se debe utilizar el auxiliar Do Does en forma negativa Do not / Dont o Does not / doesnt y el to have debe ser expresada en su forma bsica (have). I You We They Do not have Dont have He She It Does not have Doesnt have Ingls Bsico 107Ejemplo: - I dont have problems. - Miriam doesnt have problems. Interrogative form / Forma interrogative Debemos recordar que existen dos tipos de preguntas: a) Information question / Preguntas de informacin WH Question + auxiliar + subjetc + have + complement ? Palabra interrogativa + auxiliar + sujeto + have + complemento ? Ejemplo : - What do you have in your pocket ? - I have money in my pocket. WH - Question words. ( Palabras interrogatives WH) What? Que o cual? Where? Donde? Who? Quien? Why? Por qu? When? Cuando? Yes / No questions ( Preguntas Si / No) Ingls Bsico 108Para formular estas preguntas debemos seguir el siguiente patrn: Auxiliar Do / Does + subject + have + complement? (Auxiliar Do / Does + sujeto + have + complemento?) Ejemplo: Question (Pregunta) - Do Peter and Henry have classes? (Peter y Henry tienen clases?) Short affirmative/negative answer. (Respuesta corta afirmativa/negativa) - Yes, they do. (Si, ellos si) - No, they dont (No, ellos no) Long affirmative answer. (Respuesta larga afirmativa) - Yes, they have classes. ( Si, ellos tienen clases) - No, they dont have classes. ( No, ellos no tienen clases) Examples: I have a pencil Do I have a pencil? We have a teacher Do we have a teacher? Alice has a car Does She have a car? Carlos has a house Does he have a house? Ingls Bsico 109Exercises Exercise 1 a. Answer the following questions in affirmative and negative form. Example: Do you watch T.V. every Sunday? Yes, I watch T.V every Sunday. No, I dont watch T.V every Sunday. 1. Does he dance Joropo music? 2. Do they read in English? b. Complete these sentences wiht Do Does Jackie study French? We have classes everyday? The cat eat cheese? They clean the garage? c. Write 3 sentences and change to interrogative form. 1. 2. Ingls Bsico 1103. Exercise 2 Complete the sentences with Do or Does. 1. ________ she go to the movies everyday? 2. ________ people eat breakfast at 7:30? 3. ________ Mr. Lander and his wife write a letter to his son? Exercise 3 Rewrite the sentences, using the adverb in parenthesis. Example: I have coffee in the morning (always) I always have coffee in the morning. 1. Her husband walks in the afternoon (often) _____________________________________________________________ 2. He goes shopping (sometimes) _____________________________________________________________ 3. We watch a movie on TV (seldom) _____________________________________________________________ 4. We are in bed before 12 (never) _____________________________________________________________ 5.- I am at work at 7:30 (usually) _____________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 111Exercise 4 Change to interrogative sentence. (Cambie a la forma interrogativa) Example: You have a cat. Do you have a cat? a. I have a bicycle b. Heleny has a sister. c. Wilfredo has a ball. Exercise 5 Underline the correct verb in parenthesis. (Subraye el verbo correcto) Example: My mother (have has) a house 1. They (have has) many students. 2. Belkis (have has) two boys. 3. The dog (have has) a bone. Exercise 6 Answer the following Questions. Give affirmative and negative long answers. (Responda las siguientes preguntas. Use respuestas largas afirmativas y negativas) Ingls Bsico 112 Example: Do you have a notebook? Yes, I have a notebook. No, I dont have a notebook 1. Does Aquiles have a horse? 2. Do we have a class? 3. Does Sonia have black eyes? Ingls Bsico 113Vocabulary Alone Also Always Bone Book Boy Change Clean Dance Eat Every day Friends Go Horse House Love Notebook Often Play Pocket Preference Put Read Say Sometimes Study Thing Usually Walk Wallet Watch Work Write Solo Tambin Siempre Hueso Libro Muchacho / nio Cambiar Limpiar Bailar Comer Todos los das Amigos (as) Ir Caballo Casa Amar Cuaderno Frecuentemente Jugar Bolsillo Preferencia Colocar Leer Decir Algunas veces Estudiar Cosa Usualmente Caminar Billetera Mirar Trabajar Escribir Ingls Bsico 114Self-evaluation / Autoevaluacin Part I Answer these questions in affirmative complete answers. ( Conteste estas preguntas en forma completa y afirmativa) Example: Do you go to school every day? Yes, I go to school everyday. 1. Does Mary live in Maracay? 2. Do we Speak English? 3. Does he Study every day? 4. Does she have to clean the apartment? Ingls Bsico 115Part II Complete these sentences. (Completar estas oraciones) Example: Does she live alone? No, she doesnt. She lives with two friends. 1. ___________ your sister ________________ in Caracas? Yes, she ____________. 2. We ________ nt ________ in a flat. We _____in a house. 3. Where _________ you _________________ ? I __________________ in Maracaibo. Part III Complete these sentences with: Has have - do does (Completar estas oraciones con has have do does ) Example: She has a dog. 1. ________________ they work every day? 2. We ________________ five friends. 3. ________ Peter have a beautiful house?. Part IV Underline the correct verb or auxiliary in parenthesis. (Subrayar el everbo o auxiliary correcto) Example: She (write writes) in English. Ingls Bsico 116a. Does Peter (play plays) the piano? b. What (do does) he like to Study? c. Do you (have has) a blue car? d. Rosa (have has) a pen. Ingls Bsico 117Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin Part I 1. Yes, she lives in Maracay. 2. Yes, we speak English. 3. Yes, he studies every day. 4. Yes, she has to clean the apartment. Part II 1. Does live does 2. Do live - live 3. Do live live Part. III 1. Do 2. Have 3. Does Part. IV: a. Play b. Does c. Have d. Has Ingls Bsico 118Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten (10) lines paragraph about your preferences. Talk about what you like and dislike. (Escriba un parrafo de diez (10) lneas acerca de tus preferencias. Hable acerca de lo que le gusta y no le gusta) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Ingls Bsico 119Unidad VII Tiempo futuro. Objetivo Terminal Construir oraciones en ingls en forma oral y escrita utilizando el going to y el auxiliar will. Contenido Tiempo futuro con will Estructuras interrogativas Estructuras afirmativas Estructuras negativas Contracciones con will Tiempo futuro con going to Estructuras interrogativas Estructuras afirmativas Estructuras negativas Informacin de la unidad Las formas simples de como construir el tiempo futuro en Ingls son: Futuro con Will Se construye con el sujeto, luego will, seguido por el verbo que determinar la accin futura y un complemento si es necesario. Ingls Bsico 120 Ejemplo: I will study English tomorrow. (Yo estudiar Ingls maana) She will be in Maturn next August. (Ella estar en Maturin el prximo Agosto) Grammar SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE: WILL (Tiempo futuro simple : will) Subject + will + verb + complement (Sujeto + will + verbo + complemento) Look at this: I You He she It We They will be there do it tomorrow morning afternoon night next week saturday april soon tonight Examples: You will be an important Doctor. (Tu sera un doctor importante) Ill learn English. (Yo aprender Ingls) Ill meet people from other country (Yo conocer gente de otro pas) Ill win a price. (Yo ganar un premio) Ill have fun (Yo me divertir) Ingls Bsico 121Nota: En los ejemplos anteriores aparece la contraccin afirmativa del auxiliar will (ll), el cual se usa con todos los pronombres personales: Ill, hell, shell, well, youll, theyll. We use Will when we decide to do something at the moment we talk. (Usamos will cuando decidimos hacer algo en el momento en que hablamos) Example: Ill clean my house this afternoon (Yo limpiar mi casa esta tarde.) We also use will to talk about predictions in the future. (Tambin podemos usar will para hablar de predicciones en el futuro) Interrogative form. (Forma interrogativa) Yes/No questions. (Preguntas Si/No) Will + Subject + verb + complement? (Will + Sujeto + verbo + complemento?) Example: Will you sleep late? (Dormirs hasta tarde?) Will Henry travel to Europe next month? (Henry viajar a Europa el prximo mes? Information questions. (Preguntas de informacin) Wh questions + will + subject + verb + complement? ( Palabra interrogativa + will + sujeto + verbo + complemento? ) Ingls Bsico 122Example: - What will you learn there? (Que aprenders all?) - Where will be the party tomorrow? (Donde sera la fiesta maana?) Affirmative and negative answers. (Respuestas afirmativas y negativas) Example: Will you visit your relatives next vacation? (Visistars a tus familiares las prximas vacaciones?) Yes, I will (Short answer) Yes, Ill visit my relatives next vacation. (Long answer) No, I wont. (Short answer) No, I wont visit my relatives next vacation. (Long answer) FUTURE WITH VERB TO BE + GOING TO. (futuro con el verbo to be + going to) Subject + to be + going to + complement (Sujeto + to be + going to + complemento) Examples: Im going to write a letter later. (Voy a escribir una carta ms tarde) Hes going to work at the bank. (El va a trabajar en el banco.) Its going to drink milk. (Va a tomar leche) Interrogative form. (Forma interrogative) Ingls Bsico 123Yes/No questions. (Preguntas Si/No) To be + Subject +going to + complement? (To be + sujeto + going to + complemento?) Example: Am I going to write a letter? Is he going to work at the bank? Is it going to drink milk? Information question. (Preguntas de informacin) Wh questions + to be + subject + going to + verb + complement? ( Palabra interrogativa + to be + sujeto + going to + verbo + complemento ) Example: What is he going to do tonight? Where are you going to travel? Affirmative and negative answers. (Respuesta afirmativas y negativas) - Are you going to write a letter? (Vas tu a escribir una carta) Yes, I am. (Short answer) Yes, I am going to write a letter. (Long answer) No, I am not. (Short answer) No, I am not going to write a letter. (Long answer) Ingls Bsico 124Exercises Exercise 1 Give a complete answer in affirmative or negative form. (De una respuesta completa en forma afirmativa o negativa) Example: Will you play football tomorrow? Yes, I will play football tomorrow / No I wont play football tomorrow. a. Will they learn a new Language? b. Will she cook next week? c. What will he do next Saturday? Exercise 2 Arrange these Sentences. (Ordene estas oraciones) Example: Go will Mrida I To - Tomorrow. I will go to Mrida tomorrow. 1. Will move she to Caracas in January. 2. They travel will next to the beach - Saturday Ingls Bsico 125 3. Work you will next - July Exercise 3 Write 3 Sentences Using Will. (Escriba 3 oraciones usando will) Example: Teresa will travel to Japan next year. a. ________________________________________________________ b. ________________________________________________________ c. ________________________________________________________ Exercise 4 Read the following dialogue. (Lea el siguiente dialogo) Carlos: Were going to play tennis this afternoon. Do you want to go? Alice: Thanks, but Im going to stay at home this afternoon. Im going to watch T.V. Exercise 5 Answer the following questions in affirmative or negative form. ( Respond alas siguientes preguntas en forma afirmativa o negativa) Ejemplo: Is she going to go to bed early? Yes, shes going to go to bed early / No, she isnt going to go to bed early. Ingls Bsico 1261. Are they going to watch T.V.? 2. Are you going to cook dinner this afternoon? 3. Is he going to play next Sunday? 4. What are they going to do next Weekend? Ingls Bsico 127Vocabulary Next Sunday Next week Soon To come To cook To decide To go To know To play To Stay To think To travel To watch Tomorrow morning Tomorrow night El prximo Domingo La prxima semana Pronto Venir Cocinar Decidir Ir Saber Jugar Quedarse Pensar Viajar Observar maana Maana en la maana Maana en la noche Ingls Bsico 128Self - evaluation / Autoevaluacin A) Complete the sentences. Use future with going to.(Complete las oraciones. Use futuro con going to) Example: Carlos is going to play soccer. 1. Peter going to study tonight. 2. Are you cook dinner? 3. What they do this afternoon? 4. ______ she go to the beach next Saturday? B) Ask someone if he or she is going to do the following activities. (Preguntar a alguien si el o ella va a hacer las actividades siguientes) Example: Cook dinner Are you going to cook dinner tonight? 1. Read the newspaper 2. Play baseball 3. Go to bed early 4. Wash your car Ingls Bsico 129 C) Write Sentences using Will. (Escriba oraciones usando will) Example: Learn to speak English I will learn to speak English. 1. Travel a lot. 2. Move to a different city. 3. Be a good student. 4. Pass the English test. D) Complete these sentences. Use will or going to. (Complete estas oraciones. Use wil o going to) Example: Tomorrow we are going to the beach. 1. Dont go out now. You get wet. 2. Look out! That ladder is fall. 3. Were have a baby. 4. Look. Its rain. 5. Dont smoke that. You get sick. Ingls Bsico 130Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin A) 1. Going to 2. Are - going to 3. Is - Going to B) 1. Are you going to play baseball this evening? 2. Are you going to go bed early this evening? 3. Are you going to wash your car this evening? C) 1. I will travel a lot. 2. I will move to a different city. 3. I will be a good student. 4. I will pass the English test. D) 1. Will 2. Going to 3. Going to 4. Going to 5. Will Ingls Bsico 131Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten (10) line dialogue talking about future actions. (Escriba un dilogo de 10 lneas acerca de acciones futures) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------- Ingls Bsico 132Unidad VIII Verbo to be en pasado Objetivo Terminal Construir oraciones en Ingls, en forma oral y escrita, utilizando el verbo to be en pasado. Contenido Verbo to be en pasado Was, were Uso del: There was There were Informacin de la unidad En esta unidad utilizamos el verbo to be (ser o estar) para expresar acciones realizadas en tiempo pasado (was, were), al igual que podemos expresar una relacin de existencia del pasado (there was, there were). Ingls Bsico 133Grammar Past tense of to be : was - were (Pasado del verbo to be: was were) I was here there yesterday last week You were She He It was We You They were Negative form (forma negative) I he was + not = wasnt she it we you = were + not = werent they Ingls Bsico 134Examples: A. Affirmative sentences (Oraciones afirmativas) Subject + to be + Complement (Sujeto + to be + complemento) I was at home yesterday She was in the library last week They were in the stadium last night You were in the park this morning B. Interrogative question form with was were (Oraciones interrogatives: was were) to be + Subject + Complement? (to be + sujeto + complemento?) Was I in the house yesterday? Was She in the library last week? Were They in the stadium last night? Were You in the park this morning? Question form (Oraciones interrogatives) was I there? Affirmative answer She Yes, I he she it was He Yes, you - we they were It Negative answer were We there? No, I he she it wasnt You No, you - we they werent they Ingls Bsico 135 Quantity expressions (expresiones de cantidad) There was There wasnt Were werent Question form (Oraciones interrogativas) Was a book on the table? There Were apples on the table? Affirmative answer Yes, there was a book on the table. (Si, haba un libro sobre la mesa) Yes, there were apples on the table. (Si, haban manzanas sobre la mesa) Negative answer No, there wasnt a book on the table. (No, no haba un libro sobre la mesa) No, there werent apples on the table. (No, no haban manzanas sobre la mesa) Estas estructuras tambin pueden ser respondidas en forma corta. Ejemplo: Was there a teacher in class? Yes, there was. No, there wasnt. Ingls Bsico 136Were there books on the table Yes, there were. No, there werent. Nota: There was not = There wasnt There were not = There werent Affirmative answer Was - Were 1. Were you in the house yesterday? (Estabas tu en la casa ayer?) a) Yes, I was. b) Yes, I was in the house yesterday. (Si, yo estaba en la casa ayer) 2. Were you in the park this morning? (Estabas en el parque esta maana?) a) Yes, I was. b) Yes, I was in the park this morning. (Si, yo estaba en el parque esta maana) Negative answer Wasnt Werent 1. Were you in the school last week? (Estabas en la escuela la semana pasada? a. No, I wasnt. b. No, I wasnt in the school last week. (No, yo no estuve en la escuela la semana pasada) Ingls Bsico 1372. Was she at the university last year? (Estaba ella en la Universidad el ao pasado?) a. No, she wasnt b. No, she wasnt at the university last year. (No, ella no estaba en la Universidad la semana pasada) Exercises 1. Change the following sentences to the interrogative form. (Cambie las siguientes oraciones a la forma interrogativa) Example: She was at the disco last Saturday Was she at the disco last Saturday? 1-Mary and Rose were students last year. _______________________________ 2-The secretary was in the office. _______________________________ 3-The dog was in the park. _______________________________ 4- The doctors were in the hospital. _______________________________ 2. Answer in a complete negative form. (Conteste en forma negativa y completa) Ingls Bsico 138 Example: Was Robert at the beach last weekend? No, he wasnt at the beach last weekend. 1-Was Margaret in the country? ________________________________ 2-Were Pedro and Betsy very happy at the party? ________________________________ 3-Were you in class this morning? ________________________________ 4-Was your father at home yesterday? ________________________________ 3. Answer in a complete affirmative form. (Conteste en forma afirmativa y completa) Example: Were the students in class? Yes, they were in class. 1. Was the man at the park? ________________________________ 2. Were they in the patio? ________________________________ 3. Were you a teacher in the school? ________________________________ Ingls Bsico 139 4. Underline the correct word in parenthesis. (Subrayar la palabra correcta en parentesis) Example: I (was were) a secretary. 1- They (wasnt werent) in Maracaibo. 2- Margaret (was were) a nurse here. 3- The children (were was) in the laboratory this morning. 5. Complete the dialogue. Use was-were-wasnt-werent. (Complete el dilogo. Use was were wasnt werent) Example Julia: Andres, were you at the party last night? Andres: Yes, I _______ Julia: _________ Margaret and Peter there? Andres: No, they ___________ 6. Complete with was - were wasnt werent (Complete con was were wasnt werent) Example There were many people at the beach 1.- There _________ lots of baseball players there last night. 2.- There _________ few fruits in the refrigerator. 3.- There _________ much money in my pocket. 4.- There _________ some dictionaries here yesterday. Ingls Bsico 1407. Change into negative sentences. (Cambie a la forma negativa) Example There were pencils on the chairs. There werent pencils on the chairs. 1. There was a man in the drugstore. ___________________________ 2. There were four cars in the garage. ___________________________ 3. There were lots of books here yesterday. ___________________________ 4. There was a doctor in the hospital. ___________________________ 8. Change to interrogative form. (Cambie a la forma interrogative) Example: There was a beautiful girl at the meeting. Was there a beautiful girl at the meeting? 1. There were many dogs in your house. _______________________________ 2. There was a lot of coffee in the pot. _______________________________ Ingls Bsico 141 3. There were two men standing at the door. _______________________________ 4. There was a child at home. _______________________________ Exercise 9 A.- Read the paragraph. (Lea el parrafo) Regina lived in La Victoria Aragua State eight years ago. Her house was near Jose Felix Ribas Square, downtown. There was a big avenue near her home, there were many shops, four restaurants, two banks and a theatre on the avenue. She liked her house very much. B.- Answer the questions about the paragraph. (Responda las preguntas acerca del prrafo) Example Was there a big avenue near her home? Yes, there was 1.- How many shops were there on the avenue? ________________________________________________________ 2.- Was her house far from downtown? ________________________________________________________ 3.- What square was near her house? ________________________________________________________ 4.- How many theatres were there? ________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 142C.- Underline the correct answer. (Subraye la respuesta correcta) Example: There ( was were ) many shops near her house. 1. There ( was were ) a big avenue in La Victoria. 2. There ( was were ) two banks in the avenue. 3. There ( was were ) a square near her house. 10. Complete the conversation. Use was wasnt were werent. (Complete la conversacin. Use was wasnt were werent) Example: Pedro: Where were you last night? Alice: I _______ at home. Pedro: No, you ___________ I phoned you and you __________ there. Alice: I _____________ with my friend Daysi. 11. Complete with the question words. Use how many where when what. Example: How many books were on the table? 1.- ___________ restaurants were there in the avenue? 2.- ___________ were you in Margarita Island? 3.- ___________ were you this morning? 4.- ___________ color was your car? Ingls Bsico 14312. Answer these questions with the words in parenthesis. (Conteste estas preguntas con las palabras en parntesis) Example: How many apples were there in the refrigerator? (Six) There were six apples in the refrigerator. 1.- How many students were there at the game? (Many) __________________________________________________ 2.- How many parks were there near your house? (Two) __________________________________________________ 3.- How many pencils were there on the table? (Three) __________________________________________________ 4.- How much sugar was there in your coffe? (Little) __________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 144Vocabulary / Vocabulario Beautiful Bolivarian Classroom Country Desk Dictionaries Engineer Farmer Fruit Happy Home House Lawyer Liberator Library Nurse Park Party People Republic Restaurant School Square Tall University Yard Bello Bonito Bolivariana Aula de clase Pas Campo Escritorio Diccionarios Ingeniero Granjero Agricultor Fruta Feliz Hogar Casa Abogado Liberador Biblioteca Enfermera Parque Fiesta Gente Repblica Restaurante Escuela Plaza Alto Universidad Patio Ingls Bsico 145Yesterday Last week Last month Last Sunday Last night Last year This morning Ayer la semana pasada el mes pasado el domingo pasado anoche el ao pasado esta maana Live Help Liberate Be born (Was/Were) Born Vivir Ayudar Liberar Nacer Naci/Nacieron Ingls Bsico 146Self-evaluation / Autoevaluacin A) Answer in affirmative form. (Conteste en forma afirmativa) Example: Were they in the school? Yes, they were in the school. 1.- Was Susan a nurse? _____________________________ 2.- Were they at the university? _____________________________ 3.- Were we in Mrida last sunday? _____________________________ 4.- Was the dog in the street this morning? _____________________________ B) Answer in a complete negative form. (Conteste en forma negativa) Example: Was Susan an accountant? No, she wasnt an accountant. 1.- Was Sara a good player? _____________________________ 2.- Were the men in the restaurant? _____________________________ 3.- Was he a farmer? _____________________________ 4.- Were Angel and Dorys engineers? _____________________________ Ingls Bsico 147C) Complete the dialogue, use these forms: was - were - wasnt - werent (Complete el dilogo, use estas formas: was - were - wasnt - werent) Example: He was a good student last year 1.- They _______ in class last week. 2.- Maria and Pedro ____________ good lawyers 3.- Vicente _______ a Mathematic teacher in this school 4.- We ________ here yesterday D) Answer in affirmative form. (Conteste en forma afirmativa) Example: Were you here yesterday? Yes, I was here yesterday. 1- Was there a picture on the wall? __________________________________ 2- Were there many workers in the company? __________________________________ 3- Was there a book on the table? __________________________________ 4- Were there many classrooms in the school? __________________________________ Ingls Bsico 148E) Answer in negative form. (Conteste en forma negativa) Example: Was there a tall man near here? No, there wasnt a tall man near here. 1. Were there students sitting on the chairs? __________________________________ 2. Were there any erasers on the desk? __________________________________ 3. Was there a cat at the home? __________________________________ 4. Was there a car in the garage? __________________________________ F) Read the following paragraph and answer the questions. (Lea el siguiente parrafo y conteste las preguntas) Simn Bolivar was the Liberator of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. He helped to liberate others latinoamerican nations. He was born in Caracas on July 24th in 1783. Example Who was Simon Bolivar? He was the Liberator of Venezuela. 1.- Where was Simon Bolivar born? ___________________________________________________________ 2.- When was he born? ___________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 1493.- Was Simon Bolivar the Liberator of Ecuador an Peru? ___________________________________________________________ 4.- Was Simn Bolvar the Liberator of Mexico? ___________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 150Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin A) 1.- Yes, she was a nurse. 2.- Yes, they were at the university. 3.- Yes, you were in Mrida last Sunday. 4.- Yes, the dog was in the street this morning. B) 1.- No, she wasnt a good player. 2.- No, they werent in the restaurant. 3.- No, he wasnt a farmer. 4.- No, they werent engineers. C) 1.- Were 2.- Were 3.- Was 4.- Were D) 1.- Yes, there was a picture on the wall. 2.- Yes, there were many workers in the company. 3.- Yes, there was a book on the table. 4.- Yes, there were many classrooms in the school. E) 1.- No, there werent students sitting on the chairs. 2.- No, there werent erasers on the desk. 3.- No, there wasnt a cat in the house. 4.- No, there wasnt a car in the garage. Ingls Bsico 151F) 1.- He was born in Caracas. 2.- He was born on July 24th 1783. 3.- Yes, he was. 4.- No, he wasnt . Ingls Bsico 152Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten line paragraph about your last vacation, using the past form of to be (was were there was there were). Ingls Bsico 153Unidad IX Ordenes, ubicacin y direccin Objetivo Terminal Expresar en ingls, oraciones relacionadas con las direcciones y ubicaciones de personas y lugares, en forma oral y escrita. Contenido - Oraciones imperativas - Direcciones y/o localizacin - Preposiciones: in, on, under, behind, between, close to. Informacin de la unidad En esta unidad se tratarn los siguientes puntos: Las oraciones imperativas, las cuales se utilizan para dar rdenes y prohibiciones. Ej.: Sit down, please (Sintese por favor) Dont smoke in class (No fume en clase) Expresiones para localizar lugares y dar direcciones. Ej.: Where is the house? (Donde est la casa?) Its on second street. (Est en la segunda calle?) Ingls Bsico 154Grammar / Gramtica Command sentences (oraciones imperativas) En ingls el imperativo se construye con la forma infinitiva del verbo sin la partcula To. En una oracin imperativa el sujeto es siempre You, pero no se escribe ni se dice. El imperativo se usa para dar rdenes, direcciones y prohibiciones. Read the following sentences (Lea las siguientes oraciones): Sit down. (Sintese) Be here at 7:30 (Est aqu a las 7:30) Dont be late. (No llegues tarde) Call Mary. ( Llama a Mary) Dont smoke in class. (No fumes en clase) Do not throw the litter on the street, pick it up. (No lances el envase en la calle, recgelo) Watch out ! (Ten cuidado) Ingls Bsico 155Imperatives: Affirmative Base of verb Complement BE CALL SIT here at 7:30 Mary down Negative Do not / Dont + Base form of verbs Do not throw litter on the street Dont smoke in class! AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE Ingls Bsico 156Locate people and places (Ubicar personas y lugares) Para pedir informacin acerca de la ubicacin de personas y lugares, se puede usar where al preguntar. Question Answer Where is the restaurant ? (Donde est el restaurant?) Where is Mary ? (Donde est Mary?) Where are you? (Donde estn ustedes?) On Bolvar Av. (En la Av. Bolvar) At the bank. (En el banco) Were at the supermarket. (Estamos en el supermercado) En las respuestas se usan las preposiciones de lugar: on, at. El primero se utilize para referirsen a calles o avenidas y el Segundo se emplea para referirse a establecimientos. Contraction: Where is = Wheres (Donde est?) Example: 1. The hospital is on Pez Street. (El hospital est en la calle Paez) 2. The library is on Bolvar Avenue. (La biblioteca est en la avenida Bolvar) Ingls Bsico 157Exercises Exercise 1 Fill the blanks with an affirmative or negative imperative sentence. (Rellene los espacios con una oracin imperativa, afirmativa o negativa) Turn drink drive Leave wear look Example: Wear the seat belt. 1. ___________ and drive. 2. ___________ left. 3. ___________ at the picture. 4. ___________ carefully. 5. Mr. Lpez isnt here right now. _________ a message. Exercises 2 Answer the following questions. Use on at. . (Responda las siguientes preguntas. Use on at) Ingls Bsico 158Example Wheres the post office? Its on Pez Avenue. 1. Wheres the library? _____________________________________________________________ 2. Wheres the police station? _____________________________________________________________ 3. Wheres the department store? _____________________________________________________________ 4. Wheres the school? _____________________________________________________________ Practice these dialogues. (Practique estos dilogos) 1) A: Excuse me, is the hotel near here? B: Im sorry. I dont know. A: Thanks. 2) A: Excuse me, is the Mercantil Bank near here? B: Yes it is. Its on Libertad Avenue. A: Thank you. 3) A: Wheres Jane? B: I dont know. A: Wheres Peter? B: Hes at the INCE Ingls Bsico 159Locations in a building Nota: Para indicar ubicaciones dentro de un edificio se utilizan las siguientes expresiones: Upstairs Arriba Downstairs Abajo Over there Por all Down the hall on the right Bajando por el pasillo a la derecha Down the hall on the left Bajando por el pasillo a la izquierda In that way En esa va / en ese camino Practice these dialogues. (Practique estos dilogos) 1. A: Where are the restrooms? B: Over there. A: Thanks. Ingls Bsico 1602. A: Wheres the exit? B: Its down the hall on the right. A: Thanks. 3. A: Where is the cafeteria? B: Its downstairs. A: Thanks. 4. A: Where are the elevators? B: That way. A: Thanks. Expressions for giving directions. (Expresiones para dar direcciones) How do I get to the school? (Como llego a la escuela?) - Go straight. (Siga derecho) - Walk down. (Camine) - Turn right. (Cruce a la derecha) - Turn left. (Cruce a la izquierda) - Its on / at the corner. (Est en la esquina) - Its between. (Est entre..) - One block. (Una cuadra) Ingls Bsico 161Exercise 3 Give directions. Look at the map and read the conversation below. (D direcciones. Observe el mapa y lea la conversacin de abajo) A. Excuse me, how do I get to the department store? B. Walk down third Avenue until you get to Washington Street. Then turn right at the corner. Go straight. Walk one block. The department store is on the left. A. Wheres the school, please? B. Its on the Third Avenue, between Lincoln and Main Street. A. How can I get there, please? B. Walk down Washington Street up to Third Avenue turn right and walk one block. Its on the left at the corner of Main Street and Third Avenue. Ingls Bsico 162Exercise 4 Answer the following questions. (Conteste las siguientes preguntas) 1. a) Wheres the Japanese Restaurant? _________________________________________ b) How can I get there please? _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ 2. a) Go down Third avenue to Lincoln street, turn right. Its between Third Avenue and Fourth Avenue, on the right what is it? ______________ _______________________________________________________ Exercise 5 Match each sentence from the left with its corresponding advice. (Seleccione la alternative correcta) 1- I have a headache a) go to the dentist 2- I worry too much b) practice with friends 3- I cant speak English very well c) go on a diet 4- I feel tired everymorning d) take some aspirin 5- Im overweight e) take it easy Ingls Bsico 163Preposition of place (Preposiciones de lugar): Usamos las preposiciones de lugar (in, on, under, betwee ) para decir donde est algo o donde se realiza una actividad. Una preposicin viene antes de un sustantivo, seguido generalmente por un verbo Prepositions: ON UNDER IN BETWEEN Excercise 6 Write sentences using the prepositions given. (Escriba oraciones usando las preposiciones dadas) Example: Your hat is on the table. The pen is under the sofa. The car is in the garage. IN, ON, UNDER, BETWEEN Ingls Bsico 164The hospital is between Third and Fourth Avenue 1. ________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________ 4. ________________________________________ Excercise 7 Practice orally. Making substitution from the box A- Oh, no ! B- Whats the problem? A- I lost my umbrella. B- Its over there on the table A- Oh, thanks a lot B- Youre welcome Whats the problem? Whats wrong? Whats the matter? Thanks Thank you Under the table in the closet Dont mention it Ingls Bsico 165Vocabulary Stand up Go to the board Sit down Raise your hand Open your book Close your book Look at the picture Turn right Turn left Get to Go straight Worry Watch out Pick it up Take it easy I dont know Overweight Tired Umbrella Exit Near Bank Post office Supermarket Gym Disco Hospital Library Theatre Restaurant Police station Prese Vaya a la pizarra Sintese Levante su mano Abra su libro Cierre su libro Mire el cuadro Cruce a la derecha Cruce a la izquierda Llegar a Vaya derecho Preocuparse Cuidado Levntalo Tmelo con calma Yo no s Sobre peso Cansado Sombrilla Salida Cerca de Banco Oficina postal Supermercado Gimnasio Discoteca Hospital Biblioteca Teatro Restaurant Estacin de polica Ingls Bsico 166Self-evaluation / Autoevaluacin A) Match the sentences B) Translate to Spanish this paragraph. (Traducir al espaol este parrafo) My name is Carmen Ruz. Im from Gurico. I live there, on Miranda Avenue # 15. I work at the INCE Gurico. I can get there by bus because its far from my house. C) Fill the blanks with the prepositions. (Llene los espacios en blanco con las preposiciones) Example: The car is in the garage. 1. The keys are _________ the table. 1- You get into a taxi a-Give me my exam, please 2- A father to his son b-I love you very much son 3- A man stops you on the street c- Excuse me, what time is it? 4- A student says to his teacher d- Take me to the airport, please Ingls Bsico 1672. The bank is __________ the post office and the restaurant. 3. The cat sleeps ________ the bed. 4. The bird is ____________ the cage. 5. The books are _________ the shelf. 6. The knives are _________ the drawer. Ingls Bsico 168Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin A) 2.b 3.c 4.a B) Mi nombre es Carmen Ruz. Yo soy de Gurico. Yo vivo all, en la Avenida Miranda # 15. Yo trabajo en el INCE Gurico. Yo puedo all en autobs porque est lejos de mi casa. D) 1.- On 2.- Between 3.- Under / on 4.- In 5.- On 6.- In Ingls Bsico 169Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a short paragraph about locations of objects in your office, room or house: Ingls Bsico 170Unidad X Auxiliar Did, pasado simple Objetivo Terminal Construir oraciones en ingls en forma oral y escrita en pasado simple, utilizando el auxiliar Did. Contenido Uso de auxiliar Did, tiempo pasado simple. a) Estructuras interrogativas b) Esctructuras afirmativas c) Estructuras negativas d) Contracciones Informacin de la Unidad El auxiliar Did se usa en Ingls para interrogar, afirmar y negar en pasado simple. Cuando utilizamos el auxiliar Did para interrogar, la oracin queda en pasado y el verbo que se use en la oracin siempre tendr que estar en presente simple. Example: Did they see Patricia at school? Mientras que cuando respondemos en forma larga afirmativa, el verbo que se use en la oracin siempre tendr que estar en pasado simple y debemos obviar el auxiliar Did. La respuesta corta, en cambio, exige la presencia del auxiliar Did. Ingls Bsico 171Example: Did they see Patricia at school? Respuesta larga: Yes, they saw Patricia at school. Respuesta corta: Yes, they did. y cuando el auxiliar Did se use en una respuesta negativa larga, el verbo tendr que estar en presente simple. Example: Did they see Patricia at school? Respuesta larga: No, they didnt see Patricia at school. Respuesta corta: No, they didnt. Contraccin: Didnt = Did not Ingls Bsico 172Grammar / Gramtica Regular Verbs/ Verbos Regulares 1. Infinitive + Ed Talk + ed = talked 2. infinitive + D Like + D = liked 3. Infinitive y + ied cry = cried 4. Infinitive + double final consonant + ed Stop = stopped Irregular Verbs/ Verbos Irregulares Infinitive Past Infinitive Past Be Become Begin Bring Build Buy Come Do Drink Drive Eat Find Read Say See Sell Send Shut Sleep Speak Spend Was / were Became Began Brought Built Bought Came Did Drank Drove Ate Found Read Said Saw Sold Sent Shut Slept Spoke Spent Get Give Go Have Make Leave Learn Know Keep Meet Pay Put Stand Take Teach Tell Think Understand Wear Write Got Gave Went Had Made Left Learnt Knew Kept Met Paid Put Stood Took Taught Told Thought Understood Wore Wrote Ingls Bsico 173Affirmative and Negative: Subject Verb Complement I You He She We they Went Didnt go Did not go To the supermarket To the bank there Yesterday Last Saturday Last night Questions Auxiliary Verb Subject Verb Complement Did Didnt He She We They You I Go There Last week? Last month? Last night? Last year? At 9:00? Yesterday? Examples: Short Answers Yes, (I) did. No, (she) Didnt. Long Answers: Yes, I went to the supermarket yesterday. No, I didnt go to the supermarket yesterday. Ingls Bsico 174Exercises Exercise 1 Read the following story. (Lea el siguiente cuento) Part I Alice and Pedro are on vacation. Its 10:00 at night. Theyre on a very dark and lonely country road. Suddenly their car stops. Alice Whats wrong with the car? Pedro: I dont know . Alice: Did you put in any gas today? Pedro: I put some in this afternoon. Alice What are we going to do? Pedro: Im going to find a phone. Alice: Im going with you. Pedro: No, Its freezing! Stay here, lock the door. Alice: Please, be careful. Part II Pedro comes back a few minutes later. Pedro: Alice, Its me. Open the door. Sorry, did I scare you?. Alice: Yes, you did! Did you find a phone? Pedro: No, but I found a hotel. I went around the corner up there and saw it. They have a room for tonight. We can call a garage tomorrow. Come on! Part III Theyre in the hotel room. Pedro goes into the bathroom. Theres a noise outside. Alice: Pedro! Did you hear that? Ingls Bsico 175Pedro: What? Alice: I heard something. A strange noise. Pedro: I didnt hear anything. Alice: You were in the bathroom. Pedro: Yes, and there arent any towels. Im going down to the front desk. Alice: O.K. Pedro: Dont worry; Alice. Im not frightened. Pedro: Alice! Alice: Whats the matter? Pedro: I went outside and I saw someone in the hall. He was wearing a long black coat, like count Dracula. He had two big teeth, and. Alice: This isnt funny, Pedro. Pedro: He was there! I saw him. He went around the corner and I went after him. But there wasnt anyone there. Alice: What? There wasnt anyone there? Pedro: Thats right. I didnt see anyone. Ssh! Did you hear that? Alice: Its that same noise again. Pedro: Come one, Im not staying here. Lets go. Part IV They are at the front desk Alice: Pedro, look. Its a Halloween* party Pedro: And theres count Dracula! Come on, Were staying! * Halloween is a popular festival that takes place on October 31. Many people wear strange, frightening, or funny costumes. There are parades, dances, and parties in many places. Ingls Bsico 176B. Read again and answer these questions. (Lea de nuevo y conteste estas preguntas) Example: Did Pedro put in any gas today? Yes, he put some gas today. 1. Did he find a phone? 2. What did he find? 3. What did Alice hear? 4. Where was Pedro? 5. What did Pedro see? 6. What did Pedro and Alice see at the front desk? 7. How is this party called? Ingls Bsico 177Exercise 2 Write negative and affirmative answers to these questions. (Escriba respuestas negativas y afrimativas a estas preguntas) Example: Did you drink coffee with breakfast this morning? Yes, I drank coffee with breakfast this morning. No, I didnt drink coffee with breakfast this morning. 1. Did you eat eggs for breakfast this morning? 2. Did he walk to school today? 3. Did she drive home this morning? 4. Did they come to work yesterday evening? 5. Did we read the newspaper this morning? Ingls Bsico 178Exercise 3 A. Write negative sentences. Use the words in parenthesis. Escriba oraciones negativas. Use las palabras en parentesis. Example: I woke up at 8:30 (8:15) I didnt wake up at 8:15 1. They swam 400 yards. (800 yards) 2. The lesson began at 9:00. (9:10) 3. They drank tea (milk) 4. He ran 100 yards (400 yards) Ingls Bsico 179Vocabulary A / an Be careful Call Car Come back Corner Count Country Dark Door Few Freezing Front desk Fuel Funny Garage Gas Hall Halloween Here Know Later Lock Lonely Minutes Night Noise Open Outside Party Put Road Stay Scare Story Teeth Today Towel Vacation Very With Wrong Uno, una Tener cuidado Llamar Carro Regresar Esquina Conde Campo/ pas Oscuro-a Puerta Poco Congelado Recepcin Combustible Chistoso, gracioso Garage/taller Gasolina Pasillo Fiesta de brujas Aqu Saber, conocer Ms tarde Cerrar con seguro Solitario-a Minutos Noche Ruido Abrir Afuera Fiesta Colocar Camino Quedarse Asustar Cuento Dientes Hoy Toalla Vacacin Muy Con Equivocacin, problema Ingls Bsico 180 Self evaluation / Autoevaluacin A.- Answer the following questions. Use complete answers. (Conteste las siguientes preguntas. Use respuestas completas) Example: What time did Mara get up this morning? She got up at six oclock this morning. 1. Did Jos have eggs for breakfast? 2. Did you go to school last week? 3. What did they play yesterday? 4. Did your father watch TV last night? B. Read (Lea) Last night Carol stayed at home. She read a novel until 12 P.M. It was late and she was tired so she went to bed. In the morning she got up early, at 7 a.m. she watched TV for 15 minutes. Then she had juice, coffee, bread, and cheese at home. It was Saturday and schools are closed on Saturdays. At 8 a.m. she went to the library. Carol is a good student. Ingls Bsico 181Write true or false. If you write false, write the true information. (Escriba verdadero o falso. Si escribes falso, suministra la informacin verdadera) Example: F Carol was in the library yesterday evening. Carol stayed at home yesterday evening. 1. She read a novel yesterday. 2. She went to sleep last night about 10 p.m. 3. Today she had coffee and juice at school. 4. She went to the library in the morning. 5. She watched TV today for two hours. Ingls Bsico 182Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluacin A.- 1. Yes, he had eggs for breakfast. No, he didnt have eggs for breakfast. 2. Yes, I went to school last week No, I didnt go to school last week. 3. They played (baseball) yesterday. 4. Yes, he watched TV last night. No, he didnt watch TV last night. B. 1. T 2. F She went to sleep last night about 12 p.m. 3. F She had coffee and juice at home. 4. T 5. F She watched TV today for 15 minutes Ingls Bsico 183Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a 10 line paragraph about a what you did yesterday. ( Escribe un prrafo de diez (10) lneas. Ingls Bsico 184 Prueba de revision final Unidades I al X Ingls Bsico 185I. Arrange the following sentences. (Organice las oraciones siguientes) Example: at at 3 oclock she ten is usually home She usually is at home at three oclock. 1) in August takes always vacation she ___________________________________________________________ 2) an has Helen to wear uniform ___________________________________________________________ 3) she English- everyday work practices at ___________________________________________________________ 4) the working is in office the secretary ___________________________________________________________ II. Ingls Bsico 186Read about Richard Gere and Cindy Crawford, then write the answers of the following questions. (Lea acerca de Richard Gere y Cindy Crawford, luego escriba las respuestas a las siguientes preguntas) Example: What does Richard Gere do? Hes an actor. 1. What does Cindy Crawford do? _____________________________________________________________ 2. Name some of his films. _____________________________________________________________ 3. Are they married? _____________________________________________________________ 4. Where do they live? _____________________________________________________________ III. Answer the following questions. (Conteste las siguientes preguntas) Example: Do you go to the beach every weekend? No, I dont. / Yes, I do. 1. Does Alice write books? _____________________________________________________________ 2. Do they usually eat in a restaurant? _____________________________________________________________ 3. Does he eat chicken everyday? _____________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 1874. Did he work in the office yesterday? _____________________________________________________________ 5. Did you go to school last week? _____________________________________________________________ 6. Are you a good student? _____________________________________________________________ 7. Is Merly a nurse? _____________________________________________________________ 8. What are you doing? _____________________________________________________________ 9. Are you studying English? _____________________________________________________________ IV. Change to question the following sentences. (Cambie a pregunta las siguientes oraciones) Example: I was born in 1961 When were you born? 1. She plays tennis every Saturday. _____________________________________________________________ 2. They worked late last night. _____________________________________________________________ 3. He is going to school. _____________________________________________________________ 4. They are cleaning the office. _____________________________________________________________ Ingls Bsico 188V. Look at the map, then answer the following question: How can I get to the Police Station? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Ingls Bsico 189 Clave de respuesta de la prueba de revisin final Ingls Bsico 190Part I 1. She always takes vacations in August 2. Helen has to wear a uniform 3. She practices English at work everyday 4. The secretary is working in the office Part II 1. She is an actress 2. Pretty woman, Yanks, etc. 3. Yes, they are 4. They live in USA Part III 1. Yes, she does. No, she doesnt. 2. Yes, they do. No, they dont. 3. Yes, he does. No, he doesnt. 4. Yes, he did. No, he didnt. 5. Yes, I did. No, I didnt. 6. Yes, I am. No, I am not. 7. Yes, she is. No, she isnt. 8. Im studying, playing.. 9. Yes, I am. No, Im not. Part IV 1. Does she play tennis everyday? 2. Did they work late last night? 3. Where he is going? 4. What are they cleaning? Ingls Bsico 191Part V Go straight ahead Washington Street. On the second block turn right to Third Avenue. Walk down Third Avenue, then turn left on the second block to Lincoln Street. The Police Station is on the right. Ingls Bsico 192BIBLIOGRAFA - BADALAMENTI V, HENNER Stanchina, C. (2000), Grammar Dimensions, form, meaning and use. Heinle & Heinle. - DU VIVIER, M, HOPKINS, A, POTTER J. (1994), Look Ahead, Teacher`s Book 1 - MAURER, J, SCHOENBERG J. (1999), True Colors Basic, Teacher`s Editor. - MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIN, DIRECCIN DE EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (1994), INGLES, 7 semestre, Caracas - MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIN, DIRECCIN DE EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (1994), INGLES, 8 semestre, Caracas - MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIN, DIRECCIN DE EDUCACIN DE ADULTOS (1994), INGLES, 9 semestre, Caracas - _________________ (S/F) Spectrum 1, Student Book, Prentice Hall Regents. - VINEY P, VINEY K, REIN D. (1993), Main Street, Student Book 1, Oxford University Press. - VINEY P, VINEY K, REIN D. (1993), Main Street Student Book 2.