Case Presentation for Seminar
The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)To Highlight the Application of and Analysis of a Policy
Wesley Housing Development CorporationMission: To develop, own, operate, preserve, and maintain affordable housing and sustain quality communities for low- and moderate-income families and individuals in Northern Virginia.25 Properties; 4 community resource centers; 5 resident services centersCoppermine Place I and IICoppermine I people with disabilities that are very-low incomeCoppermine II - low-income seniors age 55 and older
Workforce innovation and opportunity Act (WIOA)Signed into law on July 22, 2014 Provides people with the access and resources necessary to obtain employment, as well as necessary education or training in order to do soMatches employers to job seekers with the skills they are looking for
WHAT DOES WIOA DO FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES?The outcome focus of WIOA for people with disabilities is competitive integrated employmentThis means: part- or full-time work that is paid at least minimum wage, where an individual has opportunity to interacts with people who do not have disabilities and has an opportunity for advancement that is similar to their non-disabled peers in similar positionsWIOA also emphasizes transition services for youth with disabilitiesThe transition refers to high school to post-secondary education or employment or adult services (i.e. employment or non-work supports and services)Coordination between vocational rehabilitation (VR) and other agencies, including school systems.
What do transition services look like?WIOA designates that 15% of public vocational rehabilitation funds have to be used to support transition services, including those for people with disabilitiesIncludes:Job exploration counselingWork-based learning experiencesCounseling on post-secondary opportunitiesWorkplace readiness trainingTraining on self-advocacyThese services will be provided to students either during school hours or as after school activities
Example of a transition programShelby County Schools in Tennessee: https://youtu.be/-70Gr7wA3RY The Mason LIFE (Learning Into Future Environments) program here at George Mason University! This is a college level transition program.A four year college experience for students with intellectual and developmental disabilitiesFocuses on:AcademicsEmploymentIndependent Living SkillsCommunity Integration
Other Post-Secondary opportunitiesWIOA allows support (such as tuition when appropriate) to eligible individuals with disabilities for advanced training in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (including computer science) field, medicine, law, or business. WIOA allows funding for assistive technology for post-secondary education:This allows better access for individuals with intellectual disabilities and other individuals with disabilities to participate in postsecondary educational experiences and to obtain and retain competitive integrated employment.
Another example: https://youtu.be/-70Gr7wA3RY9
Vocational rehabilitation WIOA makes vocational rehabiliation (VR) mandatory for One-Stop Career Centers (American Job Centers)One-Stop Centers were created in 1998, and there are now more than 1,700 of themVocational rehabilitation: a process which enables persons with functional, psychological, developmental, cognitive and emotional impairments or health disabilities to overcome barriers to accessing, maintaining or returning to employment or other useful occupation
More about WIoaLimits use of sub-minimum wage:Requires a series of steps before someone under age 24 can be paid below minimum wage (such as in a sheltered workshop).Schools cannot contract with anyone who pays sub-minimum wage
Class discussionWhat do you think are some of the most important parts of WIOA?
What do you think will be some of the biggest challenges with implementing this policy?
How do you think policymakers should measure the outcomes of WIOA?
Class discussion (cont.)How do you think WIOA will impact social workers direct work with clients with disabilities?
Referenceshttp://www.thewholebraingroup.com/wbcntnt/wp-content/uploads/Celebrating-ADAs-22nd-Anniversary-Infographic-2.jpg www.arcnc.orghttp://www.thearc.org/document.doc?id=5183 http://www.wesleyhousing.org/coppermine-place-ii.htmlhttps://www.communityinclusion.org/pdf/IB31_F.pdf https://www2.illinoisworknet.com/WIOA/Documents/Region%205Final%20WIOA%20Town%20Hall%20Presentation.pdf
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